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Segundo Frente Nacional de Escambray SFNE
Second National Front of the Escambray

[REF: Cuban Counter Revolutionary Handbook 10 October 1962 by the CIA.
FBI HQ  file number  109-584-3387; NARA RIF Number  124-10279-10032]

[NOTE: The copies  were very hard to transcribe because of  poor photo reproduction. At points where the words were unreadable, three dots (...) were inserted to indicate a missing word or words. Words in brackets are not contained in the original.  FURTHER NOTE: Please consider the date, 10 Oct. 1962, when evaluating the organizations.]

[page 55]


Common Title:  S. F. N. E.

Title:  Segundo Frente Nacional de Escambray
           Second National Front of the Escambray

Political:  A guerrilla type leftist, military organization supporting to be anti-Castro; operating in Cuba with leadership in U. S., in exile.  Formerly recognized as one of the main forces fighting in opposition to Batista.  Leader, Commander, Eloy GUTIERREZ Menoyo, controversial figure, accused of being pro-communist; has communist background; radically left with marked tendency to cover this through issuance of moderate phrases.  Supports the CRC, with lip service hot part of it.  Its received financial support from CRC.

Leading Personalities:  In U. S. Eloy GUTIERREZ Menoyo, leader; Dr. Luis Duany, appointed Pres. Of proposed exile "The Unity" in Washington D. D. June 1962, which included second-echelon  representatives of Manolo RAY Aureliano SANCHEZ Arango, and ELC); Maj. Armando FLEITES Diaz, Sec Gen: Emilio CABALLERO Castillo; Theodoro IZQUIERDO Marquez; Eusebio OJEDA Diaz; Mercedes GUTIERREZ Menoyo; Angel RUIZ de Zarate; Domingo ORTEGA Acosta.  In Cuba:  Capt. Raul FERNANDEZ Artiles; Oneida SANTOS; Nazario SANJEN [SARGEN]; Capt. Evarardo SALAS, one of orig. founders.


Date and Place of Origin:  Present SFNE in fall 1959, Cuba.  Original SFNE, 1957, Cuba.

Principal Activities to Date:  Claim to have several bands of guerrillas fighting in Escambray.  Engaged in sabotage; burning cane fields, tobacco warehouses, government buildings; providing supplies and medicines to guerrillas (most of the guerrillas have now been eliminated by crackdown of Castro forces).  Fall of 1961, Elio GUTIERREZ Menoyo raised some $10,000 through sale of bonds in New York and New Jersey for purchase of equipment.  SFNE office in exile attacked 30 July 1962 by former S. I. M. members, along with 30 November Movement and MRRC offices.  Representative participated in counterrevolutionary meetings to form a proposed "The Unity" in Washington, July 1962.


Selling bonds to purchase arms in U. S. continues.  Current information connects SFNE with ALPHA 66 group; Elio GUTIERREZ Menoyo generally believed to be A-66 Military Coordinator; SFNE members participated in attacks by A-66;  munitions used belonged to SFNE leader. Also reported:  SFNE and A-66 have joined forces but this is being kept secret and only leaders aware of same.  Inside Cuba, SFNE disorganized and can do nothing.  Claim to have couriers going in and out of Cuba weekly; taking foodstuffs (ration form) and munitions; supposedly cache it and bring information out to exile; trying to make up 20,000 rations, contained in small plastic envelopes, 5" x 8"; claim to have made 4,000; objective not to store in Miami but send to Cuba immediately.

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