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Resistencia Agramonte RA
Agramonte Resistance

[REF: Cuban Counter Revolutionary Handbook 10 October 1962 by the CIA.
FBI HQ  file number  109-584-3387; NARA RIF Number  124-10279-10032]

[NOTE: The copies  were very hard to transcribe because of  poor photo reproduction. At points where the words were unreadable, three dots (...) were inserted to indicate a missing word or words. Words in brackets are not contained in the original.  FURTHER NOTE: Please consider the date, 10 Oct. 1962, when evaluating the organizations.]

[page 54]


Common Title:  R. A.; Agramonte

Title:   Resistencia Agramonte
            Agramonte Resistance

Political:  Clandestine, cell-type organization; composed of former military men, to be organized into a regular, trained army in effort to return Cuba to the 1940 Constitutional form of government; and to build revolutionary unity in Cuba.  Reportedly member of Frente Nacional Democratico (FND), Ejercito de Liberacion (EL), Directorio Revolucionario de Liberacion Anticomunista de Cuba (DRLAC), an Alianza para la Libertad de Cuba (ALC).  Political orientation not manifested.

Leading Personalities:  In U. S.:  Head R. A., Ex-Senator Ernesto ROSELL y Leyte-Vidal, founder; Civil Coordinator, Cruz Rogelio RODRIGUEZ Mosquera; Josefina MEDINA; Antonio PENA Varona; Dr. Adolfo Z. AGUILA Roja; Olga de CASTRO.  In Cuba:  Ernesto RODRIGUEZ Cruz, G-2 penetration, caused arrest several members; Alberto MARRERO; Lutgardo MARTIN Lopez; RAPHAEL and FRANCISCO, executed; Lt/Col. PEREZ, National Coordinator after founding; Lts. VASALLO and MARTINEZ, organizers; Jose MORAN, in prison; Alfredo IZAGUIRRE, in Prison.


Date and Place of Origin: 1959, Cuba.

Principal Activities to Date:  Jan. 1961 RA received 3-ton airdrop consisting of food, arms, and ammo.  Engaged in sabotage.  Had plan to attack police stations in Mar 1961 but unsuccessful; on alert at time of Giron invasion; after defeat, discontinued meetings and contact; functioned later as resistance group.  Exile group claims three boats at Key West ready to leave for Cuba.


Engages in propaganda through media of radio and press, source of material most always attributable to RA and DRLAC.  Mid 1962, clandestine workers in Cuba increased activities by burning cane fields, refusing to work. Sept. 1962, RA and DRLAC announced short-wave radio casts from Cuba on band 49 m, on 62-58 or 62-45, or 62-67.  Only report of funds received was just prior Giron in the amount of $500 from Jose MORAN; no other indication of support.

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