de Liberacion Nacional (ELN)
Cuban Counter Revolutionary Handbook 10 October 1962 by
FBI HQ file
number 109-584-3387; NARA RIF Number
[NOTE: The copies were very hard to transcribe
poor photo reproduction. At points where the words were
(...) were inserted to indicate a missing word or words.
brackets are not contained in the original. FURTHER
consider the date,
10 Oct. 1962, when evaluating the organizations.]
PART II: SECONDARY
Common Title: ELN
Title: Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional (ELN)
National Liberation Army
Non-political organized along military lines (divisions,
regiments, etc.) to establish democracy in Cuba; this to be
accomplished under a unified command of all anti-Communist
Cuba and in Exile. Claims following member
FND, MDC, MRTN, CL, RDR, MDM, FDN, OA, FNR, FURE, RA, FRD,
DM, ALC, and
OR. (These claims unsubstantiated by responsible
members of the
Leading Personalities: (Each member signs oath and
roll in pseudo; therefore, few true names are known).
S.: "Pastor" (Osvaldo JOLDAN); Nine [Nino / Niņo]
DIAZ. In Cuba: Dr. Jorge ESPINO, lawyer in
Coordinator); "Cardinal" Chief, Division 1, "Maximo Gomez";
Organized shortly after 17 April 61, Havana, by small group
clandestine fighters. Division 1, "Maximo Gomez,"
Western provinces; was created with immediate objective of
secretly until attainment of large manpower potential.
Division 2 "Jose Marti," includes Eastern provinces;
Has distributed some anti-communist propaganda, placed
slogans on walls, performed some sabotage actions;
resistance groups into military structure. In April
31,930 men organized into 31 battalions of 1,030 men
August 62, reportedly Division 1 alone claimed 25,000
throughout Cuba. These claims greatly exaggerated.
III. CURRENT STATUS
In August 1962 one Pastor del MONTE (pseudonym, believed I/W
JOLDAN) sent MIRO Cardona a document on organization and
ELN. Urges "Unity of Operation" of the Liberation Army
with forces in exile. As of 15 Oct, Miro had not
interview, which author requested, to discuss paper.
End of Page
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