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Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil
Students Revolutionary Directorate

[REF: Cuban Counter Revolutionary Handbook 10 October 1962 by the CIA.
FBI HQ  file number  109-584-3387; NARA RIF Number  124-10279-10032]

[NOTE: The copies  were very hard to transcribe because of  poor photo reproduction. At points where the words were unreadable, three dots (...) were inserted to indicate a missing word or words. Words in brackets are not contained in the original.  FURTHER NOTE: Please consider the date, 10 Oct. 1962, when evaluating the organizations.]

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A     Common Title or Abbreviation:  D. R. E.
B.     Title:  Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil
                  Students Revolutionary Directorate
C.     Affiliation with Other Groups:  Left CRC Mar 1962; formerly part of MRR.
D.     Political Alignment and Basic Principles:  Apolitical student organization; anti-communist; strong Catholic background; dedicated to overthrow of present government; for political, cultural, educational freedom and establishment of a strong national student union.
E.     Leading Personalities:  In U. S. :  Luis FERNANDEZ-ROCHA Rodriguez, Sec Gen; Juan Manuel SALVAT Roque; Pedro YNTERIAN Garcia; General FATJO Miyares; Luis GUTIERREZ; Bernabe PENA; Isidro BORJA; Elio MAS Hernandez; Ernesto FERNANDEZ Travieso.  In Cuba; Alberto MULLER Quintana, Orig. Sec Gen, in prison; Antonio GARCIA-CREWS, in prison; Miguel GARCIA Armengol, in prison; Hans HENGLER, in prison; Ricardo MENENDEZ, in prison; Roberto QUINTAIROS Santiso, Gen Coord.; Julio Cesar HERNANDEZ Rojo, executed Oct. 1962; Antonio CENTURION; Lester GARCIA Rosales, Civil Natl Coord; Juan PEREIRA Varela, killed.


A.     Date and Place of Origin: 12 Sept. 1960. U. S.
B.     Principal Activities to Date:  Sabotage, TV intrusion operations; participated in April 1961 invasion with numerous arrests and executions; mid 1961 propaganda campaign which saved the lives of Alberto MULLER and Miguel GARCIA; publish newspaper TRINCHERA; Infiltration operations; raid on Habana 24 August 1962.


A.     Estimated Membership:  Cuba 2,500   U. S. 500 ELSEWHERE    150
B.     Current Activities:  Re-organizing of DRE in Cuba with better compartmentation; no further MRR association due to MRR penetration and numerous DRE arrests mid-1962; propaganda campaigns in US and Latin America against Communist Cuba through media of radio broadcasts, newspaper insertions, ad hoc demonstrations and leaflet and pamphlet distribution; anti-communist political action in Latin American Universities and at international youth conferences; SALVAT issued statement Sept. 1962 that DRE would "attack any Soviet vessels seen in Cuban territorial waters" and warned of further raids.
C.     Support Facilities:  Claim reception committees in Cub with safe housing and transportation; communication via courier and diplomatic pouch; open code, telephone and telegraph.  Financial support from CRC; political and psych activities have received clandestine U. S. support, but DRE sometimes resists U. S. sponsors and control because of disagreement with U. S. policy against activist operations.

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