[REF: binder part 7 ]
COORDINATION OF UNITED REVOLUTIONARY ORGANIZATIONS
This umbrella coalition was the result of a meeting which was held in
Republic throughout June 12-13, 1976. The following anti-Castro
participated in those meetings and became the integral core of
Note: in April of 1980, Junta Patriotica Cubana (Cuban Patriotic
replaced CORU as the self proclaimed central organizational structure
the anti-Castro community.
EL PODER CUBANO
(CUBAN POWER OR ACCION CUBANA)
Originally established in the mid-1960s and headed by Dr. Orlando
this organization was responsible for the first acts of terrorism
by an anti-Castro group on U.S. soil. Besides Bosch, original
members consisted of:
Garcia, Juan (financial backer)
Gonzalez Grajales, Luis
Gonzalez, Andres J. (Bombillo)
Balan Garcia, Barbaro
Mulet, Jose A.
Upon Bosch's departure and later incarceration in Venezuela, Cuban
disbanded. Bosch established Accion Cubana in the early 1970s for the
of collecting funds to subsidize his operations. Original Accion
group members included:
Perez Alamo, Dunney
Colmenares, Jose A.
de Castroverde, Waldo
MOVIMIENTO NACIONALISTA CUBANO (MNC)
(CUBAN NATIONALIST MOVEMENT)
The MNC was formed in 1963 and was associated with the Cuban terrorist
FLNC (headquartered in Miami). The organization conducted acts of
in several areas of the U.S., inclusive of New Jersey, New York,
D.C., and Miami, FL.
In 1964, group member Guillermo Novo Sampol fired a bazooka at the
Nations building as Ernesto "Che" Guevara prepared to address the
Assembly of that organization. Three years later, group leader
Rivero was held on suspicion of possible involvement in a terrorist
to explode a Cuban pavilion at the Expo 67 Fair in Montreal, Canada.
During the investigation into the homicide of Jose E. De La Torriente
12, 1974), members of this group were identified by a confidential
as having conspired to assassinate De La Torriente.
In 1976, group members Jose Dionisio Suarez, Guillermo Novo Sampol,
Novo Sampol, and Alvin Ross Diaz, were charged with the murder of
diplomat Orlando Letelier and his assistant Ronnie Moffit. At the
Felipe Rivero was suspected of having masterminded the plot along with
of Augusto Pinochet's Chilean Government. Charges against Rivero
materialized, and as a result, he continued his operations in South
and New York City. Jose Dionisio Suarez was found guilty and
to 12 years in prison. All other group members involved in the
incident were originally found guilty and sentenced to life
however, their conviction was later overturned by an appeals
As a result of the negative publicity generated by the Letelier
the MNC was disbanded. Group members included:
Suarez Esquivel, Jose Dionisio ---
Dr. Juan B.
Rivero, Felipe --- Novo Sampol, Guillermo
Novo Sampol, Ignacio --- Vilaboa, Napoleon
Mendez, Antonio --- Medina, Luis
Martinez, J.A. --- Atienza,
FRENTE DE LIBERACION NACIONAL DE CUBA (FLNC)
(CUBAN NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT)
At its inception the FLNC served as an umbrella organization for
other Cuban revolutionary groups located in Miami, New York, New
and outside the U.S. It is believed that internal problems caused
splintering of the group and several group members continued their
activities as members of Omega 7 and MNC. Several FLNC members
became involved in narcotics trafficking.
On October 5, 1975, Humberto Lopez, Jr. (injured in an explosion while
a book bomb on March 20, 1974), a fugitive and identified member of
was arrested by the FBI at Miami International Airport. Lopez Jr.
deported to the Dominican Republic where he was arrested by local
for violation of immigration laws. Lopez Jr's arrest was
the reason behind the bombing of the Dominican Consulate in Miami, on
From evidence gathered in the bombing of the Dominican Republic
and the bombing of the Russian Embassy in Bogota, Colombia, which
on September 27, 1975, authorities could deduce that in those two
the perpetrators meant to do harm not only to the buildings but also to
occupants of the structures.
Frank Castro, alleged FLNC leader, was arrested at Miami International
upon returning to Miami from Colombia on September 27, 1975 (the same
of the bombing of the Russian Embassy). The following persons
identified as members of the FLNC:
Castro, Frank --- Lopez
Acosta, Orlando "Bebo" --- Perez Dorestes,
Arce, Sixto --- Muniz, Antonio
Angulo, Oscar --- Sayus Jr.,
Lopez Avalo, Rogelio
Other CORU organizations included Brigade 2506 (possible group members
on their own behalf and Jovenes de la Estrella (Youth of the Star), an
group led by Ramon Rodriguez.
MOVIMIENTO INSURRECCIONAL MARTIANO (MIM)
INSURRECTIONAL JOSE MARTI MOVEMENT
MIM was formed in July of 1974 by former MNC member Hector Alfonso Ruiz
Hector Fabian) with the alleged purpose of carrying out terrorist acts
all Cuban Government installations or associates.
In April of 1975, MIM carried out several bombings throughout the
States. The group claimed responsibility for the bombings under
code name of "Joven Cuba Nacionalista and Los Cruzados". At the
MIM received support and economic funding from the Cuban Federation of
and from Juan Garcia Cardenas, a convicted bomber in 1968, and former
of Cuban Power.
In the latter part of the 1970s, MIM leadership suffered a severe split
separated into two factions. One of the factions was headed by
Saul Sanchez (Omega 7 member and present Cuban National Commission
the other faction was retained by Hector Alfonso Ruiz and convicted
Luis Crespo. Crespo has continued to infiltrate Cuba in order to
sabotage missions. MIM members included:
Alfonso Ruiz, Hector ---
Crespo, Luis --- Perez, Jenaro
Lopez Avalo, Rogelio --- Hernandez,
Aguilar Manuel --- Campo, Jose
Rodriguez, Jose --- Suarez, Enrique
Miguel, Guillermo --- Gonzalez, Sergio
De La Vega, Sergio --- Hernandez, Hilario
The name Abdala came from the first epic poem written by Cuban patriot
Marti, about an Arab prince who forfeited all his possessions for the
of his nation.
Abdala was founded in 1968 by Gustavo Marin Duarte and consisted mostly
young Cuban male militants. The group held an annual congress
year in order to proclaim the liberation of Cuba and all other
In 1972, the group demonstrated against the docking of Russian ships in
In 1975, the group claimed credit for the bombing of the Torch of
in Downtown, Miami and the bombing of the Venezuelan Consulate in New
City. Allegedly, group members were also responsible for the
assassination of Rolando Masferrer in 1975.
In 1975 Abdala demonstrated in front of the Metro Justice Building as a
of the arrest of several group members. In 1982, the group
at the Miami Police Department after a violent demonstration between
and Cuban demonstrators. Though it appears that the organization
since disbanded, its leader Gustavo Marin Duarte has remained actively
in Cuban exile activities. Group members included:
Marin Duarte, Gustavo
Font, Jose Antonio
LIGA ANTICOMUNISTA CUBANA (LAC)
This organization formed in May 1975 with the purpose of attempting to
all other revolutionary groups in Miami and with hope of becoming an
anti-communist organization. Another reason given for the
of this organization was to educate Cuban exiles in the art of passive
tactics. This group had amongst its leaders, individuals who had
arrested for neutrality violations and other criminal statutes.
The main leader of this group was Hector Duran, Press Attache for the
Consulate in Miami. Other members included:
Acosta, Orlando "Bebo" --- Aleman Jr., Jose
Angulo, Oscar --- Cervera, Javier
De La Fe, Ramiro --- Gonzalez, Hiram
Martinez, Eugenio R.
Torres Jimenez, Rafael
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