News on Cuba
Independent, Homestead, Florida]
January 14, 1965
Fidel Castro made a strangely short (only two and one half
speech on the anniversary of his revolution and a strangely
one. But he paraded land-to-land missiles before the
of those who came to see them. The parade too was cut
down to a
minimum. Because, as Castro explained, "parades are
COMMENT: So are weapons.
February 4, 1965
Fidel Castro claimed the capture of one of the more daring
fighters, Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo; he also claimed that Cuban
been operating, with CIA help, from bases in the Dominican
Puerto Rico; his principal U.N. diplomat took the charges to
February 11, 1965
CONFUSION IN EXILE
The Cuban exiles - at least 45,000 of those who live here -
voted for a government in exile. And the man very much
this election is evidently Dr. Prio Socarras who arrived
here, also as
an exile, with several million dollars several years ago.
Dr. Prio hopes to establish the government in exile in Rio
That people speak Portuguese there won't make much
because the Cuban exiles have adjusted themselves -
before; and Portuguese is quite close to Spanish to begin
Puzzling, however, is the geography of the thing - providing
Havana is still the ultimate goal.
But then - the only thing definite about the mentality of
most Cuban exiles here has been their confusion.
And Rio is, after all, enchanting and beautiful...
February 18, 1965
By: Hendrik J. Berns
The latest expert on international affairs in our country is
woman whose claim to fame is based strictly on her
brother. And a
bad brother to boot. At least, no one ever heard of
Castro in the field of politics, foreign policy and
affairs before. Until recently, she was merely Fidel
sister and living in Cuba. But, family relationship or
finally had enough and fled to Mexico. It is not quite
what made her an expert on foreign affairs–the fact that she
be Fidel's sister or the fact that she too became an
any rate, Juanita began to travel: From Mexico City to
Miami to Brazil; from Brazil to New Orleans; from New
Orleans to New
York; finally, and most recently, to California. Along
she also began to make speeches. On foreign affairs,
course. And, as a student rather than an expert of
that field, I
tried digest what Juanita said.
In Miami, she said that she had come to settle among the
exiles here to help them get rid of her brother.
In New Orleans and New York, she said that Fidel is and has
a Communist; that most of the Cuban people are fed up and
him; and that the time to strike is now.
In California, she said that the day of Fidel's doom is
and if and when it dawns, he will "take a few American
him." Because he wants to go down in a blaze,
surrounded by as
many explosions and as much destruction as he can possibly
JUANITA CLAIMS this is what her brother told her. And
well be so; after all, Fidel Castro has said a lot of things
But what is more important, I believe, is whether or not one
take them seriously. Particularly to the extent where
we begin to
shake in our boots every time Fidel Castro grabs a
microphone or his
sister discovers another threat against the world in her
To my knowledge, we keep a pretty good eye on Cuba.
And to my
knowledge we still have a rather effective naval base there
and an even
more effective strategic Air Force base here.
ALSO, to my knowledge, we have won a couple of world wars in
lifetime, though they may have been minor compared to what
threatens us with.
Nevertheless, I still like to bank on the greatness and the
America and Americans over the greatness and the courage of
speeches (or reported speeches.)
Mainly perhaps because it seems to me that, over the years,
looked to Cuba through the magnifying glass and listened to
IT IS, therefore, not so much Castro who puzzles me or the
outcome of any battle with him, but Juanita and her travels.
How does one go about scanning continents by jet, after
fleeing one's homeland without financial riches?
And who, if any, are the people who finance these
I HOPE it is not the group that delights in the manufacture
And I hope, most of all, that we CAN find out...
In the meantime, I for one prefer not to get excited about
In spite of the fact that her last name is Castro.
February 25, 1965
The Russians admitted that North Viet Nam has received
them; signed a new 640-million–dollar credit pact with Fidel
and warned Washington that the battle of South Viet Nam
could lead to
April 1, 1965
SHAME ON YOU
The Cuban exiles are up in arms over a film on Cuba, shown
the other night on Channel 2, our educational television
Of course, this is not the first time the Cuban exiles have
been up in arms over things in America.
In fact, they seem to live "up in arms". Particularly
comes to such items as freedom of expression on the part of
On the other hand, they seem to feel that, as guests, they
only the right to enjoy that freedom but also that of
Shame on them!
How much more they could do FOR Cuba and AGAINST Castro by,
finally and at long last, going to work on the project.
The time has come for them to learn that much.
Even if we have to teach them.
April 15, 1965
FORMER CUBAN dictator Fulgencio Batista, now living in
on the island of Madeira, is one of the men behind EL TIEMPO
Latin American newspaper published in New York.
May 6, 1965
COURSHON JOINS JUANITA CASTRO IN FUND DRIVE
Financier Arthur Courshon has joined hands with Juanita
Castro's sister, in the formation of the Marta Abreu
designed to aid Cuban refugees and particularly Cuban
Courshon, chairman of the Board of the Washington Federal
Loan Association, will be a director of the
Castro will be the Foundation's chairman of the board.
taking part in the foundation are Julius Shepard; Leopoldo
September 30, 1965
Hendrik J. Berns:
OR, BETTER YET, take Felipe Rivero, the head of the Cuban
Nationalist Association, who is living here.
He has spent a year as one of our guests, plotting violence
Violence including "physical elimination", as he says,
because this is his way of fighting Communism.
In fact, he claims, his commandos have already tried to do a
London and, before long, anything and everything that
Communism (embassies, trade missions, sports organizations
October 7, 1965
Fidel Castro has offered to let all the Cubans go who want
The exile colony in Greater Miami has made the point that if
means it, Cuba will be "empty within two weeks."
There are more than seven million people in Cuba. If
all of them
are ready to call it quits, if all of them are such lovers
and such foes of Castro, why haven't they done anything
about it in
Certainly, no matter how brutal his regime, even Castro
every single one of seven million people under his watchful
Are we, by chance, hearing again the sound of wishful exile
October 14, 1965
THE CUBAN EXODUS
There can be no question that this country, with all it
stands for in
principle, must accept those Castro wants to get rid of and
want to get rid of Castro.
But this cannot be done in Greater Miami or even South
Florida alone. It must become a nationwide
Nor can it be done without the most stringent security
checks and some rather stern lessons to the arrivals.
Whether they now want to make America their permanent home
their waiting room, they must be told what the score is:
they are guests here, until or unless they become citizens.
they must adhere to those basic and fundamental rules other
to follow. Stay out of politics–national as well as
international! Go about your business and leave ours
November 4 to 10, 1965
TRANSFER FROM MIAMI A MUST
WHITE HOUSE MAPS CUBAN RELOCATION
By: Peter Donovan
Special to The Independent
AUSTIN, Tex.-- President Johnson and a number of White House
specialists have taken a personal hand in plans for the
to Miami, reporters were told here this week.
Most of all, they have been concerned with the relocation of
exiles, a part of the airlift considered a "Must" by the
Among those called into the picture, for discussions on how
to go about
transfer of the exiles from Greater Miami and resettlement
across the nation, was Gov. LeRoy Collins, former head of
Relations agency and now undersecretary of Commerce.
In order to soften the blow to arriving refugees and
members of their families, settled in Greater Miami, the
reporters were informed, has arranged for "federal
enticements" in the
form of jobs as well as relief in the communities selected
Mr. Johnson has paid particular attention to this feature in
program because of criticism, from some quarters, to the
"forced resettlement" reflects poorly on the principles of
rights and freedoms.
But he has sided in the matter with those in Dade
Mayors Robert King High and Chuck Hall–as well as Collins,
stressed that Greater Miami, for reasons of strained
housing and educational facilities can only be a stopover.
While there is no way to prevent transferred exiles from
to South Florida, White House aides point out that of the
125,000 Cuban refugees resettled originally, only some four
returned to Dade County.
It is estimated here that the maximum stay of those
airlifted to Miami from now on will not exceed four days.
November 18 to 24, 1965
COMMENTS FROM OTHERS
WHY FIDEL CASTRO LETS HIS PEOPLE GO
(FROM THE NEW LEADER)
Criticism of the Castro regime has increased and Cubans no
afraid to voice their disappointments and misgivings even to
There is ample reason then to believe that Fidel Castro is
concerned to provide an outlet for a discontent that could
an ever wider resistance, passive or otherwise.
The regime also stands to gain certain other benefits:
It will save the enormous cost of patrolling the Cuban
coastline to prevent escapes.
It will halt the system of bribery which has apparently
increasing role in the clandestine business of shuttling
At the same time it will relieve the regime of its
the repeated escapes which made Castro's enforcement
ridiculously inffective [ineffective].
The regime will become the beneficiary of all houses,
electrical appliances, furniture and clothing left behind by
Many desirable jobs left vacant by the refugees can now be
filled by newly trained and presumably more loyal cadres.
The exodus will allow a consolidation of the Castro regime
as well as relieve the pressure of overt anti-regime
June 30, 1966
Some time ago we advanced the idea that it would be well for
exiles to unite in purpose, in order to give impetus to
their dreams of
a free Cuba.
When we did, the repercussions were strictly Cuban, to put
it briefly and forego the detail.
Now, Fulgencio Batista, the deposed dictator who resides in
style on an island off Spain, has given vent to the same
Coming from him, the admonition might sink in; it will, at
cause the kind of ire that others seem to draw.
Batista is still one of those looked up to by many Cubans.
We rarely agreed with him while in office, but we certainly
agree with him on this point made in exile.
Freedom–and the Fourth of July could prove it even to the
Cubans–is not something disunity and division can give birth
Rather it is the blessing that comes to those striving for
it with the
kind of seriousness that permits them to close ranks and
September 29 to October 5, 1966
"WE DON'T NEED YOUR VIOLENCE"
AN OPEN LETTER TO OUR CUBAN EXILES
Two weeks ago, some of you marched against the Consul of the
Downtown Miami and scuffled with the police, because you
the policy of the Bahamas.
One week ago, one of your leaders, Felipe Rivero, admitted
that the "bombing" of the Cuban embassy in Canada was
here. He also expressed regret that "no one was
killed" and told
newsmen that this is only the beginning and that from now on
Unfortunately, we have gone through all this with some of
times before. (When a local broadcaster dared to tell
freedom will come to Cuba only if and when you unite, close
go about the battle constructively, you picketed him and the
threatened both and tried, in vain, to smear him as a Castro
In the meantime, the Congress of the United States is now
ready to make
all of you citizens of this country, irrespective of our
It is another act of many that has enabled you to find here
the kind of
hospitality and understanding for your situation no other
ever found. You were first, as exiles, to flee here
proper papers and be permitted to stay; you were first, as
get federal relief on a weekly basis; you were first, as
find a whole federal apparatus organized and ready to
provide for you
jobs, housing and even medical care.
Yet some of you have kept on trying to run our country, tell
us how to
conduct our foreign policy and whom to elect for president.
Others have used -- and continue to use – this community as
a base for bazooka forays or dynamite plots on those you
We love to have you here, but we don't need your
violence! If you
feel like killing, go elsewhere. Don't do it, directly
indirectly, from here.
Better yet: Begin to learn, at long last, that the murder of
woman or child in Canada or elsewhere is not going to
anything to the freedom of Cuba. It is, at best,
merely going to
prove that you do not deserve Cuba's freedom because you do
know how to use ours!
By: Hendrik J. Berns
October 13 to October 19, 1966
THE RACKET CALLED RESCUE FROM CUBA
By Steve Dreyfuss
Copyright, The Independent, October 1966
WASHINGTON–The Federal Government is about ready to lower
the boom on
the racket that has to do with "rescue trips" from Miami to
The death at sea of 45 Cubans has shocked maritime as well
immigration authorities here. It has, of course, been
since Castro came to power that various Miami-based boat
made trips to Cuba and back, bringing Cuban refugees into
without proper landing as well as immigration papers.
It has also been known–and received quiet consent from Coast
well as other authorities – that the owners of these boats
sizable amounts of money.
However, the latest incident, involving the boat of
Gonzalez, lone survivor or a storm-bound trip that took the
lives of 45
Cubans, may well produce a radical change in U.S. Government
First of all, because the Gonzalez boat was much too small
to ferry 45
people, even in normal weather, from Cuban to South Florida;
took the trip and lost their lives under harrowing
sea, were cramped into the boat like cattle.
Secondly, the Gonzalez boat was evidently equipped with guns
Thirdly, this is not the first time that Gonzalez
at sea: He was found adrift by the Coast Guard in July 1965;
were 23 refuges.
Beyond that, all of these trips violated U.S. Immigration
Gonzalez left the U.S. without permission and returned
proper re-entry permit.
No exile is willing to discuss details of the Gonzalez
silence is the only answer you get when you try to
the price per trip.
But it is known here in Washington, by those who kept a
tacit eye on
all these "rescue" trips, that the money involved for some
considerable and that it may amount to as much as one
What concerns authorities here also is the fact that
Hurricane Inez had been broadcast all day Monday, October 3,
specifically to those operating boats in the water between
Florida and Haiti, the Dominican Republic as well as Cuba,
proper caution should have been applied prior to this tragic
"No one up to date on weather conditions would have ventured
under these conditions," maritime authorities commented here
February 16, 1967
For those who go to bed at night calm in the knowledge that
after all, America and nothing can possibly happen to them,
here is a
Cases o dynamite are stored away somewhere in the
neighborhood by Cuban exiles.
Some twenty machine guns were sized in Broward County in a
raid on an insignificant little home.
A registered gun dealer, Emil Deaton, told police that "the
market in weapons these days is to Cuban exiles and Ku Klux
All you have to do to arm yourself to your teeth is go down
North Miami Avenue an buy what's shown in the windows.
We are a free a peaceful and peace-loving nation, but we
can't cross the bridge to a law that might ban these things.
However, DO go to sleep tonight and feel as secure as you
can; GOD willing you will be.
March 30, 1967
REVIEW AND PREVIEW
...A Louisiana Grand Jury indicted Clay Shaw in the JFK
murder plot and
ordered him to stand trial...A Detroit publisher made plans
publication of a Kennedy family newsletter...
In DADE COUNTY, the Child Welfare boss asked for $500,000
bring the department up to a 2.3 million dollar
Kennedy inspected Cuban refugee arrivals and facilities..
April 27, 1967
MIGUEL XIQUES, a staffer at Riverside Memorial Chapels, was
Ambassador to Bolivia in 1947 and in 1959 ambassador to
and Denmark. He resigned from his post to the
[Scandinavian] countries and, biding his time in Cuba, was
escape with his wife in a 45-foot boat that landed in Key
That was in 1965. Does Miguel love this country?
May 25, 1967
THE CUBANS MARCH AGAIN
There is one thing in t his world you can bet your life on:
exiles will always picket, always march, always protest and
At the moment, they are marching –torch-light fashion –
around the Dade
County jail, protesting, as it were, the federal arrest of
Rivero Jr., one of their ranks and one of their leaders who
the bombing of an embassy in Canada among other violent
It does not matter to the Cuban exiles whether or not they
foreign policy; it does not matter to the Cuban exiles
whether or not
they are misusing their privileges as guests of this
country; it does
not matter to them whether or not they meddle, as
American domestic and international policy; it does not
matter to them
whether or not they injure the host in order to remain the
All that matters is THEIR so-called cause; THEIR so-called
freedom; THEIR so-called right.
And one can only wonder why they failed to feel as strongly
these things in Cuba? They could have prevented Castro
taking over if they had.
But it is, of course, easier to feel that strongly when you
are away...and get paid yet for it by your host...
June 29, 1967
Fidel Castro had a personal call from Alexei Kosygin; the
result was strictly psychological.
July 20, 1067
There is, as we have said many times, something about the
in our midst that sets many of them off as a rather strange
breed. They do not seem to care what the consequences
They harbor dynamite, guns and knives; they throw explosives
their ire; they even capture, as we learned, ships, crews,
and freight. And then, when the Federal Government,
at long last, steps in to call a halt at least one case,
they march and
picket and demonstrate and attempt to teach us what freedom
democracy are all about.
Why did they never do these things against Castro?
Why did they never try to teach him?
Why do they constantly make us, their hosts, the victims?
Can the revolution against Castro really be won in battles
on and offshore here?
July 27, 1967
KIRK, KENNEDY AND CASTRO
According to the governor of Florida, the world (not just
world mind you) has but three principal choices: Claude
Kirk, Robert F.
Kennedy and Fidel Castro.
And so we know now why someone wrote a musical comedy called
World I Want To Get Off." Certainly, no one would want
to get on
with these alternatives facing him!
August 24, 1967
REVIEW AND PREVIEW
Mayor Robert King High challenged Fidel Castro to a debate
on Miami and
Havana TV and criticized Washington for not doing anything
February 22, 1968
Greater Miami deserves better from the Cuban exiles than the
bombings. In fact, as we have said many times before,
Mr. Castro would not be where he is if the Cuban exiles had
some of their prowess with explosives at home while there
time and also reason rather than here.
It is highly doubtful that the spectre of a Communist Cuba
will go away via explosions on the Trail in Miami.
It is even doubtful that the Cubans perpetrating that sort
would do any better than Castro in Cuba. If only
makes rarely for good government.
May 9, 1968
THE LIBERATION ARMY
It is about time that local and federal authorities told
some of the
Cuban exiles in our midst where to get off. Not enough
have to witness almost weekly another temperamental bombing,
at those who disagree with the exiles, we are now going to
training ground for a new so-called liberation army.
The Cuban exiles are guests of this country. Let them,
behave properly, stay clear of this country's foreign policy
and act in
the manner we demand of other guests.
We said it before and we say it again: If these same Cubans
something about Castro while they were still in Cuba and he
fighting for power he would never be where he is today!
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