DOCUMENT  0234-43

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[GENTE Magazine, Vol. 1, Havana, January 5, 1958, No. 1, American Edition]

Page 43
PHOTO CAPTION - Havana's Fifth Avenue is one of the lovelier thoroughfares of the Western Hemisphere.  Beautification of the spacious avenue has been supervised the Cuban Public Works Ministry.  A gorgeous rotunda has been constructed in front of the Havana Yacht Club at the juncture of several suburban highways.


Recent years have seen a notable increase in both public and private construction.  Thousands of pesos have been invested in the construction of new residential areas, many of them for persons in medium or lower income brackets, and in new apartment buildings.

The government building program also has grown at great speed in recent years.  From one end of the island to the other, government - sponsored public works projects have grown up at a fast rate.

This vast government program owes much of its success to President Fulgencio Batista, who has been abbetted [abetted]  in his untiring efforts by the skilled technicians of Cuba's Public Works Ministry.

Extensive highways have been constructed across the island from north to south and from east to west.  The high-grade building materials used on these

Page 44
PHOTO CAPTION - What was until recently a neglected roadway with grass growing in a wide boulevard of unusual beauty.  Today Linea Avenue is held up as thoroughfare has been converted into a symbol of Cuba's modernization and progress of recent years.

PHOTO CAPTION - The older streets of Havana which used to resound to the rattle of trolley cars, now a part of the city's past, have been renovated and modernized.  Among these is Carlos III Avenue in one of Havana's larger commercial and residential zones.

new projects are a far cry from former days when low-grade materials drastically cut the life expectancy of costly public thoroughfares.  Today's modern highways link vast farming areas with fishing, villages and mines.  Previously isolated zones now have easy access to marketing areas.  Broad highways connect the larger cities and skip across Cuba's wide rivers on graceful and solidly-constructed bridges.  A vast highway net around Havana provides numerous entrances and exits from the heart of the busy capital city.  Before construction of this intricate system traffic in the city was almost completely bottled up during peak traffic periods.

Inside Havana, streets which formerly gave the city the appearance of a bombed-out metropolis have now disappeared, only to be replaced by majestic avenues which are considered among the lovelier and more spacious thoroughfares of their kind in the world today.

It is sufficient only to cite Carlos III Avenue, linking the in town section of the city with several suburban housing areas.  Infanta Avenue, the important and ancient city thoroughfare which traverses the business heart of the city; Reina Avenue, which penetrates to the very core of Havana; and San Rafael, Neptuno and Galiano Streets, three vital arteries in the city's circulation system which at one time lay almost deserted.

Linea Avenue merits separate mention.  Formerly lined with a series of abandoned fountains, it has been converted into one of the loveliest roadways in the Americas.  And Batista Avenue has greatly reduced driving time from in town Havana to Suburban Marianao with the re-routing of omnibus traffic through the recently re-

Page 45
PHOTO CAPTION - Travellers [travelers] to Havana from the south-western part of Havana Province must cross the city to get to the residential zones on the eastern side of the metropolis.  The long and tedious trip through narrow, torturous city streets has been expedited notably by the widening and improvement of 26th Street by the Public Works Ministry.  Now visitors can get to the large Vedado, Miramar, La Sierra and Almendares suburban areas without having to pass through downtown Havana.

PHOTO CAPTION - Urbanization has progressed notably in recent years.  Several new residential zones have sprung into being with financial aid supplied by government credit banks.  Fifth Avenue has been widened to carry the increased volume of traffic to such new residential developments as the Biltmore and the small town of Santa Fe further to the west.

constructed and widened Columbia Avenue.

President Batista and his corps of advisers have also proven admirable leaders in the field of hospital construction for the nation's poorer classes.  One of the more famous of these is the Topes de Collantes Hospital, which is described in detail in a special report in this issue, and other hospital units throughout the nation.  Pinar del Rio, Las Villas, Camaguey and Oriente Province have seen the construction of several of these beneficiary establishments, fully equipped with the most modern architectural devices and medical equipment that science and industry have devised.

Added to the school, hospital, highway and bridge construction programs is one for the control and utilization of rivers.  Many of the island's rivers have been dammed and water purification stations installed to provide suitable drinking water for vast areas which for centuries have lived without this essential health-assuring measure.

These vast construction projects have been initialized and carried out for the benefit of the mass of Cuba's population.  The funds of the people have been reinvested in public works projects of undeniable value to the nation.

Page 46

Page 47
PHOTO CAPTION - An aerial shot of Varadero shows the customs building and the new yacht docking area.

PHOTO CAPTION - The clearest water of the Western Hemisphere and fine sandy beaches have made Varadero into Cuba's largest tourist attraction.  Long termed the Blue Beach for the crystal cleanliness and clearness of the surrounding seas, Varadero attracts thousands of visitors a year.  It has also become a lovely city in which both Cubans and visitors make their homes for extended vacation periods.  The Paso Malo Lagoon provides a safe anchorage for excursion yachts, many of which tie up at new piers recently constructed by the Public Works Ministry.

Page 48 & 49
PHOTO CAPTION  - The lovely yacht basin a Varadero's Blue Beach is constantly full of pleasure craft, many of them from the United States.  In the background is some of the new modern construction which is going up rapidly along the resort's extensive shoreline.

PHOTO CAPTION - Modern Bridges along Cuba's highways demonstrate the skill and good taste of Cuban engineers.  Shown here is the Las Canas Bridge on the highway linking Cienfuegos and Trinidad.

PHOTO CAPTION - Another bridge built on the Sabalo Mendoza highway in the Province of Pinar del Rio, on the extreme western tip of the island.

Page 50 & 51
PHOTO CAPTION - A panoramic view of the monumental Topes de Collantes tuberculosis hospital shows the huge installation in its verdant setting where patients can enjoy the clear mountain air of central Cuba.

PHOTO CAPTION - Construction of the Topes de Collantes hospital had been completed several years ago.  Here is the majestic presence of the building wich [which] is furnished with the last improvements in medical science.

PHOTO CAPTION - Access to the huge medical has been facilitated by construction of several modern highways from nearby communities.

If the opinions of eminent Cubans who have inspected he huge Topes de Collantes Hospital were not sufficient, the comments of outstanding world scientists who have had the opportunity of viewing the renowned hospital construction could also be extensively quoted.

The hospital is, without doubt, a source of pride for the whole hemisphere.  It was constructed with the most modern methods and equipped with the best facilities available to treat respiratory diseases.  In addition to its unexcelled construction and equipment, the hospital is also endowed with highly unusual and extremely beneficial natural location which in itself of considerable aid to its numerous patients.

In effect Topes de Collantes is a dream which has become a reality.  It is a medical center which is helping Cubans fight tuberculosis with all the care and aid that modern science and nature can provide.

Page 52
PHOTO CAPTION - The biggest bridge of its type in the Americas: this structure is located across the Cuyaguateje River in western Cuba on the Panamerican Highway.

PHOTO CAPTION - Another of the many bridges built into Cuba's modern highway network.  This bridge is located in El Lucero, on the outskirts of Havana.  It is traversed by Dolores Avenue which leads into Cuba's large Central Highway running the length on the island.

PHOTO CAPTION - The trip from Havana to Varadero can be made in less than an hour and 40 minutes by using the new Via Blanca Highway, now nearing completion.  The new roadway is now open from Marbella beach, slightly to the east of Havana, to Rincon de Guanabo.

Page 53
PHOTO CAPTION - The best of Cuban water power has been another problem facing the nation in recent times.  Shown here is the Cacoyoguin River, which supplies drinking water to the city of Holguin, third largest in the republic.

PHOTO CAPTION - The bridge over the Yaguanabo River is located on the highway between Cienfuegos and Trinidad.

PHOTO CAPTION - The Felipe Pazos bridge is located on the highway between Sagua and Sitiecito.  It is constructed of concrete and ha three spans of 46.47 meters each and six 15-meter spans.

PHOTO CAPTION - The Arimao Bridge, over the rive of the same name on the Cienfuegos Trinidad highway, is another example of the fine work done in recent years by Public Works Ministry engineers.

Page 54
PHOTO CAPTION - Hospital construction is being carried out throughout the island.  Seen here is an impressive view of the National Hospital in Havana.  In the background is the National Nursing School

PHOTO CAPTION - A civil Hospital has been built in Cienfuegos to administer to the needs of the surrounding areas.

Page 55
PHOTO CAPTION - Camaguey has not been neglected in Cuba's building boom.  The new civic hospital will be installed in this building of modern architectural design.

PHOTO CAPTION - In the large eastern city of Santiago de Cuba a huge medical center is also being constructed to attend to the medical needs of the people of the eastern end of the island.

Page 56
PHOTO CAPTION - This 440-meter bridge crosses the Agabama River on the highway between Trinidad, ancient and legendary city of Las Villas Province, and Sancti Spiritus, one of the first cities to be settled by Spanish settlers.

PHOTO CAPTION - Cuba's cities have been linked with the nation's outstanding tourist resorts by modern highways.  Here is a view of the highway which connects Santiago de Cuba with the Morro, and old Spanish constructed fort, at the entrance to the huge port of Santiago.

PHOTO CAPTION - Fulfilling international commitments, Cuba has constructed its link in the Panamerican Highway.  Shown here is the stretch of the international road between San Juan y Martinez, fertile tobacco-growing zone in western Cuba, and La Fe, rich fishing port on the Gulf of Mexico.

PHOTO CAPTION - Lower class housing projects have also received attention in Cuba in recent years.  Dolores Avenue, for example has been extended into residential zones occupied largely by medium or low-income families.  One of this type of residential areas is named Vista Alegre and appears in the left background.

Page 57
PHOTO CAPTION - The Isle of Pines, located off of Cuba's southern coast, has constructed a new airport which is kept busy handling a large number of daily flights.

PHOTO CAPTION - Varadero, Cuba's number one tourist resort and lushly endowed by nature, has its own modern airport.  A plane waits a load of passengers before take-off for Havana or Miami.

PHOTO CAPTION - The Antonio Maceo Airport in Santiago de Cuba has also been greatly enlarged to meet the growing volume of domestic and international flights.  The work was carried out by the Public Works Ministry.

PHOTO CAPTION - Camaguey, capital of the province of the same name, has seen a long-standing wish come true: the city now has a thriving international airport and terminal.  It is a busy stopping place for international and domestic flights.


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