DOCUMENT  0234-34A

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[GENTE Magazine, Vol. 1, Havana, January 5, 1958, No. 1, American Edition]

Page 34-A


PHOTO CAPTION - While "Look" magazine proclaims the "justice" of Castro, who spends his time murdering defenceless [defenseless] peasants it doesn't bother to write-up cases like this, where medical personnel belonging to the Cuban army looks after sick peasants and shows them how to live more hygienically.  While Castro's groups set fire to sugar cane, which is private property, and burn schools where farm children get free education, the Cuban army has organized messes for the Sierra peasants, in the furthermost parts of the region, and keeps first aid hospitals running to care for the families of the "guajiros" –as peasants are called in Cuba–and has set up schools–protecting them from the attacks of Castro's bandits –where the children of this remote part of the country are being taught.

Page 34-B
PHOTO CAPTION - In Cuban army jeeps, journalists representing all the Cuban newspapers and magazines, set off for the heart of the Sierra Maestra.  Under regular army protection, the Cuban press was able to note the difference between national troops and the bands of desperadoes led by the declares pro-communist Fidel Castro.  The Cuban press enjoys complete freedom, and if Cuban newspapermen don't meet up with Fidel Castro, it is because they fear the way the groups of bandits he leads may act, living as they do outside any law, human or divine.

The eyes of Cuba have been focused on the Sierra Maestra for the past 14 months.  But the Sierra region is still relatively unknown to the majority of Cubans who know of its topography only from what little they remember of Cuban geography.

The zone in which the band of Fidel Castro is playing hide-and-seek is some 30 kilometers from north to south and some 80 kilometers from east to west.  Deep ravines, high ridges, impenetrable jungle, caves every-where, sudden and torrential rains and a humid cold at night mud and mosquitos.  This is the small zone of operations.  Not even the Mambis found refuge there during the three wars of liberation.

When the Army General Staff, under the humane orders of President Fulgencio Batista, called a truce to permit Fidel Castro's followers to give themselves up, the troops called up for the operation were withdrawn and returned to Havana.

Later, when the wave of terrorism continued troughout [throughout] the island, the government, to guarantee the normality of the sugar harvest which was without doubt the most important of recent years, sent new troops to Oriente.

The Cuban Army received reports later substantiated of the association of the Castro band with an  organization similar to the Mau-Mau.  This organization was headed by a group of fugitives under the command of Crescencio Perez, an old cattle thief who had taken refuge in the Sierra and for years had become an outlaw, ruling over several isolated village in which he maintained a series of harems.

These spots, far removed from civilization, are magnificent refuges for fugitives from the law but, as can been seen by the GENTE photographs, are only tiny villages without population, industries or communication.  In no way can they effect the stability of the country or cause particular trouble for the Cuban government.  They have serve only as a surprise for "Look", "Life", "Time" and other publications which, for purposes of journalistic speculation, have swallowed the Communist bait and give publicity to rebel groups supposedly nationalist or heroic in designation but which are really following the instructions of Moscow.

Now it is known that rebel who crosses the wilds of the Sierra Maestra in search of an avenue of escape from his pursuers maintains strong bonds with the Communist Party which operates clandestinely on the island.

Fidel Castro Ruiz is the last man to receive amnesty under a Law of Pardon issued by Batista.  He left his cell in the Isle of Pine's Modelo prison to conspire in exile against constitutional power and to organize the expedition of the "Gramma" and his flight through the jungle to Pico Turquino in open cooperation with the known Reds of the Communist Committee of the Caribbean.

His relations with the URRS [USSR] are not new nor were they forged in the elegant nightclubs of the Aztec city.  Nine years ago Fidel Castro participated in the insurrectional revolt in Bogota by Caribbean Communist elements as a member of the International Students' Union, a affiliate of the World Federation of Democratic Youth, a Communist youth unit with an international radius of operation and whose leader in Cuba was Abelardo Adan.

Page 34-C
PHOTO CAPTION - During the conference of the American States, held in Bogota, Colombia, in 1948, the Communists attempted to create chaos with the explicit purpose of frustrating the policy of the panamerican union sponsored by the U.S. State Department.  They did this through the murder of the Colombian leader Jorge Eliecer Gaytan and pillaging of the city.  Among the Communist who took part in the revolt was Fidel Castro (shown by arrow in the photo) who, accompanied by others, was in the city to help Communist students gets behind the Iron Curtain for the first "Youth Festival" which were sponsored by the Kremlin.

The ISU held a meeting that year in Prague.  To prepare the meeting and to collect they money for the trips of the student communists to the congress, the FEU named a number of students to work with students of other national groups to send delegates to various Latin American universities.

There object was: During the ninth meeting of the American States, the Mexican student meeting would.

Fidel Castro left in a group which included Rafael del Pino, who is today in the pay of Carlos Prio, and Alfredo Guevara.  By express instructions of the National Committee of Socialist Youth, to which he secretly belonged, he passed for an Orthodox in the university and had listed on his passport several trips behind the Iron Curtain.

Fidel Castro's role in Colombia in those days of revolt is well expressed in the United Press story as published in Havana newspapers on April 20, 1948, and which is reproduced here under the title of "Two Cubans Were Distributing Weapons". By Lacides Orozco, U.P. correspondent;

"I was in t he Hotel Claridge, where I stay in Bogota, that day.  While I was seated in the hallway two detectives arrived and asked me for the manager.  When they were recesived [received] in his office they said they were looking for two Cubans, Fidel Castro and Rafael del Pino, who had stayed in the hotel and had left on Friday, April 16, taking their baggage with them.

"The detectives took the Cubans' correspondence which they opened in the presence of this correspondent and which showed that Castro and del Pino had been directing the pillaging of April 9, shortly after the assassination of the liberal leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan.

"The correspondence has shown that both Cubans belonged to the Communist Party and the letters were dated in Havana April 9 mentioned the events in Bogota.

"A letter directed to Castro on white paper –it was supposed to have been written in invisible ink– was taken to a laboratory and deciphered after first being chemically treated.

"The two Cubans arrived at the Hotel Claridge on March 31 an told the manager that they belonged to a student group which was to attend the ninth conference of the American States.  Neither of them visited the Cuban Embassy.

"The first accounts report that Castro an del Pino were seen that Friday armed with rifles".

The "Intelligence Digest" also makes the following statements.  "Fidel Castro is presented as the leader of the democratic forces in Cuba.  But he and his whole general staff have strong Communist affiliations.  His general staff is made up of Candido Gonzalez Morales, Santiago Diaz Gonzalez, Ernesto Guevara Senra, Alberto Bayo Giroud and Victor Trapote.

"Gonzalez Morales is the head of Castro's propaganda service and has been am ember of the Cuban Communist Party.  He has shown some skill in public relations work for his union movement, which is infiltrated by Communists.

"Diaz Gonzalez also is a young man, supervises the indoctrination of the rebel forces.  He is a member of the youth section of the Cuban Communist Party.

Page 34-D
PHOTO CAPTION - Bewhiskered Fidel Castro who on his own hook dispenses "justice" in the mountains, is the same man who started out pillaging in Bogota on the orders of the Communist Party.  He now continues his work as a Red agent creating problems, murdering and robbing in the Sierra Maestra of Cuba.  All his acts are directed by confessed Communists, among whom is the international Communist agent "Che" Guevara, an Argentine.

"Victor Trapote is a veteran of the Spanish Civil War and claims to be an artist.  He is the international liaison man in the Castro forces and has had considerable experience in this type of work with various Communist groups.  He is a mysterious figure and some suspect that he is the real political chief of the rebel movement.

"Guevara Senra, the rebels' personnel chief, is an Argentine doctor who left his country with Juan Jose Arevalo when the latter became Communist dictator of Guatemala.  Guevara Senra played an important role in the Arbenz government and fled to Mexico after the triumph of the revolution headed by Castillo Armas.  He became a prominent member of the Ruso-Mexican Cultural Institute.  Besides his activities in support of the Cuban rebels, he had helped the Communist Forces in the Dominican Republic and in Panama, his name having been associated with the murder of President Remon.

The preparation of the coup alone cost the Communists a lot of money, a large part of which was put up by former President Carlos Prio. The bulk of the economic aid comes from Russian and Chinese source, and is channeled through secret groups in several Latin American nations including Costa Rica, Chile and Argentina.  From the start of the revolt these funds have been brought into Cuba and are financing not only the operations in Oriente Province but also subversive activities in other parts of the island.

"Evidence exists that during the month of August Russian submarines have on two occasions discharged munitions for the Castro forces on the shores of Cuba".

The information contained in "Look" is so limited and supercial that it appears to be the impression of an amateur or a tourist.  Castro is so well known in Cuba that now that the American newspapermen have become tired of going up to visit him no Cuban publication has sent representatives into the Sierra to interview him for its readers.

The photographs of Bogota and the cables show the man's early and bloody background.  The reports are not those of a government but rather those of a news agency which daily submits its crude reports against the Cuban government.  Also the Intelligence Digest, is a well-known monthly publication which is inspired by the security of the West and which "from Havana" has made an objective and impartial report with sufficient serious and first hand material.

Regardless of the fact in itself, he is harshly judged by the Cuban citizenry which repudiates all bloody deeds.  Look only gave partial reports instead of investigating with more thoroughness.  Had it done so it would have reported that those who have remained in the Sierra with Castro as his guides have been a group of rustlers living outside the law and that the conditions of things represents for them an escape from their roles as fugitives into a revolutionary society.

Cuban justice has also criticized the cave-dwelling act of killing a prisoner with a "coup de grace" in a nation where the death penalty does not exist in accordance with old Latin tradition.  For what purpose are the courts of justice established if not to apply the law.  Who are the rebels to be both actors and judges of the Cuban drama?

Page 34-E
PHOTO CAPTION - The death of any persons at the hands of another, without the consent of the lay courts or in self-defense, has only one name: murder.  But for "Look" magazine –or a least for its reporter– the shooting of these two peasants, carried out by the bandits who follow Fidel Castro, is "revolutionary justice".  The death penalty does not exist in Cuba, and in any case, except in self defense, homicide is punished by imprisonment.  Meanwhile, scot free in jungle style, guided by the brigands he says he is persecuting, Fidel Castro is wallowing in an orgy of murders just suited to the taste of his communist teachers in the field of political agitation.  The photo shows the tragic death throes of two Cubans, victims of the criminal madness and pro-communist agitation which are being played up by the irresponsible reporters of some magazine and newspaper.

PHOTO CAPTION - Whit [with] his "field cap", a Cuban murdered by Fidel Castro lies tied to a post.  This blood cries out for justice, but justice will only be possible when Fidel Castro faces a Cuban law court.  Deplorable deeds of this kind are being lauded irresponsibly by reporters belonging to publications that are substantially unacquainted with the root of Cuban problems and the grim life-story of Fidel Castro, who, while he says he is persecuting the bandits in this part of the country, has appointed as "Captain" of his band Cresencio Perez, a common highwayman that the regular Cuban police have been after for several years.

PHOTO CAPTION - Liquidating in the sinister style of the N.K.V.D. –a method he learned from his Communist accomplices– is Fidel Castro's method of maintaining fear among the people of the Sierra Maestra.  Although the superficial information of the "Look" magazine says the men assassinated by Castro are delinquents, in Cuba we all know that although Castro may escape the Cuban Rural Guard thanks to the aid of desperados who for years have fled from Cuba justice and who know all the natural hidding [hiding] places in the Sierra –how is he going to kill his accomplices?

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