Dunkin to Billings
No Name Soldiers
and NOTE: Dunkin Papers.
"memorandum" looks like a draft with words crossed out,
interjected and misspelled.]
4 June 1967
First contact with No Name Key group was in July or August,
small group was camping on south shorts of Lake Okeechobee,
Among those present were Howard K. Davis, identified as "car
Gerald Patrick Hemming, aka "Jerry Patrick", Joe Garman, and
Group a bit publicity shy, but in September, at request of
Tampa friend, Don Starr, tried for footage on their
Met with Davis and Patrick in Miami on Sat. Sept. 15,
finally, around 2
a.m. Sunday Sept. 16, got approval.
Two carloads departed Miami for No Name Key, including
Cuban known only as Pino, among others. At the camp on
Key, Steve Wilson was in charge. Other Americans there
Ed Collins, Bill Seymour, Canadian Bill Dempsey, one
identified as Finnish and in doubtful status with
Edmund Kolbe [Kolby] (spelled Colby in some news accounts
Number of men transported by boat from No Name Sunday, Sept
16, for a
demonstration which was filmed on Big Pine Key, near No
WFLA-TV sound crew, by myself with film going to WTVT Tampa,
stills which were used in Miami Herald story on 20 September
Glades County Democrat 21 September 1962. (Copy of
Democrat article read by a friend Larry Newman Jr., managing
Dayton (Ohio) Daily News, resulting in request for a feature
art, dated 15 October.
Returned to Miami on Saturday 20 October, or possibly
any rate, after beer-drinking session in bar of Hotel
Flagler, at which
time Dennis Harber first encountered, accompanied Roy
tourist court on Flagler where he was living with female
know only as
"Betty" whom he later reportedly married.
Arrival at 2 a.m. brought protest from Betty, who rather
instructed Hargraves to "get the hell out of here and take
friend with you." Later gratifyingly learned she had
Harber was outside instead of me.
She protested to Hargraves that he was wasting his time with
revolution. He advised her he had too much time
quit. We slept in my car outside Patrick's
Federico's Guest House, 220 NW 8th Ave.
Howard K. Davis at that time lived at 3350 NW 18th
accompanied both trips to No Name Key, and was reported
group. (Davis, interestingly, was listed in Associated Press
wire story F56MH ( believed to be March 24, 1960, but could
1959) as among 29 persons whom the Miami News listed as
aircraft rental on Border Patrol orders. Davis, and
American known only as "Art", later identified as Arthur
check pilots for CBS-Rolando Masferrer Haitian invasion "air
November, 1966. Gerteit was later identified in United
International dispatch from Tifton, Cal, early 1967 (Apr.
Cuban arrested with bombs as he rented an airplane, as "an
On second trip to No Name on behalf of Dayton Daily News,
accompanied group, which included Cuban known to me only by
of Pino, who also had been present at first filming
reportedly head of an exile group called Christian Army of
Anti-Communist Liberation (ECLA), and not quotable by name
at that time.
Harber was drunk on departure from Miami, and took one pint
with him, which he asked be rationed to him slowly. I
this task. Pino much amused at Harber, whom he called
Harber at that time was night clerk for the Flagler Hotel,
Flagler, and also taught English (to Cuban exile students)
language school next door to the hotel.
Harber was described by Patrick at that time as having
cancer. At present, according to last report from
was serving sentenced in Mexico for murder, undocumented to
Harber lived in a small apartment behind Flagler Hotel, and
with various of the Americans occasionally, including
and a Czeck lad known as Karl Novak, who I don't recall
seeing on No
No firing demonstrations available on second visit to No
Name on Sunday
21 October. Got there at night. Took some night
interior of building, tried some campfire shots, and a
random look at
the camp the next day, including deportation of some unhappy
being sent back to Miami.
At the camp at this time was Ronald Ponce de Leon, age given
time as 22, who said his mother was in a Castro jail.
released and subject of a Saturday Evening Post
present were Seymour, Wilson, Collins, Dempsey, Hargraves,
American friend of Lewis' known only to me as "Craig."
We departed No Name next day, Monday, 22 October, and were
in the number of Army Vehicles moving southward. It
was the day
JFK announced the Cuban missile crisis on network TV in the
Notes from this period show that Wilson at that time 27
served 5 years Marine Corps and 3 ˝ years Army,
Korean. He listed Mansfield, Ohio, as hometown.
identified in various later news stories as Justin J.
Joseph C. Garman, age 32 in 1962, gave Bowling Green, KY, as
where his father a minor political figure, county judge if I
correctly. Garman said he had served 5 ˝ years in
Guard and Army Reserve, as battalion sergeant-major,
intelligence sergeant, with rank of master sergeant.
said he served 1 /2 years with 149th Infantry.
Garman said he was involved in situation there because "I've
liked to soldier," and because somebody had to do something
and "I'm tired of this peace at any price bit."
(Garman was to have headed the "American squad" in 1966
invasion. At that time he showed me an exchange of
with Congressman from his district, in which he sought
Central Intelligence Agency for Congo or Rhodesian
letter from CIA advising him they would be most happy to
normal, routine application, but that they did not accept
specified area tasks.)
Garman also said he was a senior ROTC student (have
forgotten which school) and failed to get commission due to
a lung spot.
Garman also mentioned in conversation as to having operated
in Kentucky at one time. He was known as "Little Joe"
to the No
Thirteen of this group was arrested 4 December 1962 in
Marathon-Sombrero Key area, allegedly embarking for raid on
They fought it through courts and won, late in 1964, with
attorney being Richard Booth, Miami, a former assistant U.S.
According to Miami News story in My files, Border Patrol
arrest, around 10 a.m. 4 December. Group had
"Sally" 15 rifles, six pistols, ammunition, two cases of
explosives and blood plasma.
Two reportedly escaped, Roy Hargraves later said he was one
of the two,
but see according to list he was booked at Key West jail.
Those held and charged with violation of U.S. Neutrality Act
James A. (Jim) Lewis, 29, of 12138 Biscayne Blvd. (Lewis is
ex-Marine, has masters papers and recently worked for Tom
owner if I recall correctly, of Searoad Shipping, Inc.,
Gerald Patrick Hemming
Ramigio [Cucu] Arce, 43, 1145 SW 23rd Ave. (listed as Cuban)
Ronald P. Ponce de Leon, 22, Havana (Cuban, but I believed
he held U.S. citizenship.
Eleno O. Alvares, 26, Miami (listed as Cuban)
William J. Dempsey, 21, Ontario, Canada
Edmund Colby ? (Kolbe) [Kolby], 31, "a naturalized American
Lawrence J. Howard Jr., 27, Pico Rivera, Calif.
Edwin A. Collins, 27,
Justin J. Wilson, 26,
William Seymour, 25,
Joseph C. Garman, 32, all of 1925 SW 4th ST. (Nellie
Roy E. Hargraves, 1870 SW 12th St. (this may be the tourist
he worked for a while, can't find it in phone book, having
name an don't have city directory).
These people freed, don't have information whether bond
or recognizance, and they later won the case, and I
understand had all
hardware returned to them. Trial if I recall
correctly, was in
June or July 1964, U.S. District Court in Miami.
Visited from time to time with these people, until
them for the month required for the Phoenix Project for
March-April 1963. This work enhanced standing with
and was in contact also on occasional more visit of some of
parachute jumps at Clewiston jump center.
In early June, 1963, an old friend, David Laventhol, of N.Y.
Herald-Tribune's foreign desk suggested possible story or
"The Fight for Cuba's Freedom Continues," resulting in
weekend trips to Miami to dig up information on this
anti-Castro activity among Cuban exiles.
This brought more contact with Harber, Seymour and Collins.
They and their activities I quote below from the unpublished
story; (written in June, 1963)
"A recent anti-Castro project undertaken with dubious
was a ‘psychological warfare' propaganda venture. This
scheme to broadcast by short wave radio from a vessel in
waters, with messages aimed at the Cuban people, with a view
augmenting whatever disenchantment with their revolution
there may be
among Cuba's captive populace.
"The broadcast plan was the idea of Rudolfo Fasco, 31, a
Pentecostal minister, described by one American as a person
masochistic urge to be martyr."
With the single mindedness peculiar to the dedicated Cuban
revolutionary, Fasco's idea originated last January.
It grew to
fruition with the active assistance of three U.S. citizens
the major part of the aid needed.
"Fasco's dream prompted him to give up a $3 an hour job as a
Chicago, and come to Miami. He borrowed money to buy
motor launch "Little Ann," which resembles a relic from
"The ‘Little Ann' was renamed ‘La Cucaracha' and outfitting
began. Sympathetic individuals contributed a piece of
here and there, and some money. A Kato power plant, to
the electricity needed, x to broadcast, was installed,
equipped with a
1 ˝ horsepower gasoline engine.
"A Cuban radio technician volunteered to set up the
equipment. A Bay of Pigs veteran loaned a 500-watt
transmitter. Another 250-watt transmitter also was
"La Cucaracha" is powered by a 60-horse power Chris Craft
which has seen much better days. It is capable of
Cucaracha' through the seas at all of nine knots. The
flows northward at almost half that speed, which proved a
FASCO'S MAJOR ASSISTANT is Dennis Harber, 35, an Omaha,
who works as an English teacher in a foreign-language school
and as a hotel night clerk.
"Harber, who has a Columbia University Master's degree in
also had a bit of an educational experience in Colombia,
where he was
employed as a private tutor for about a year for the family
ex-Presidente Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. Harber also says
lived at various times for several months duration, in the
Republic, Cuba and Mexico.
"Also enlisted were two young ex-servicemen, who have been
various capacities during the last two years in exile
endeavor. They are EDWIN A. COLLINS, 27, of
Shreveport, La., and
WILLIAM H. SEYMOUR, 26, OF Tucson, Ariz.
"Collins reports 8 ˝ years of military service in the U.S.
including duty in Japan, Korea, Okinawa and Europe.
3 ˝ years in the U.S. Navy, in the Asiatic-Pacific area.
"Both had volunteered to instruct exiles with the
Penetration Force, a group of ex-servicemen who have
training programs at various times during the last 2 ˝ years
the Florida Everglades an the South Florida keys. With
lagging with this organization, the duo joined with
usual, with no pay forthcoming, Collins and Seymour worked
at odd jobs
from time to time, for subsistence and to buy necessary
parts to get
‘La Cucaracha' relatively seaworthy. They were aided
Harber, who provided living accommodations for Seymour and
"After more than five months of preparation, which included
‘La Cucaracha' which was found sunk in about four feet of
water at her
berth several weeks ago, the broadcast undertaking neared
early in June.
"Harber served as coordinator of the broadcast message
He rounded up tape-recorded discourses from Humberto
Medrano, a former
Havana newsman now a columnist with "Diario Las Americas,' a
Spanish-language daily in Miami, and Sergio Carbo, another
newsman. Medrano, known for his pungent wit, taped a
aimed at Cuban militiamen, which urged them to compare their
lot with their fortunes in the days before Cuba became a
"Other messages were recorded by the leader of ‘Comando
2506' a new
action group which has yet to see action, a statement from
members of Brigade 2506, of Bay of Pigs invasion infamy, and
University of Miami psychologist. There were taped and
in Spanish and readied for broadcast. Harber also
statement in English, explaining purpose of the
Others messages in Russian and Czech languages were taped:
"The first try at broadcasting came June 9, on Sunday.
It was a
typical Cuban ‘fracaso' (failure. Two small support boats
were used to
ferry out the transmitter equipment, apparently more to give
Cubans the opportunity to have had a part, than from
"The plan was to rendezvous about five miles off Miami
international waters. ‘La Cucaracha ran around in the
River, delaying the meeting for three hours. The Radio
(the name given their operation) members later opined this
deliberate effort by their volunteer Cuban Skipper to Abort
mission. They later said it was certain he was in the
pay of the
CIA for the purpose of foiling their efforts.
‘La Cucaracha' plodded southeastward, her nine knots reduced
north ward four-knot flow of the Gulf Stream. After a
hours, the volunteer captain, Mateo Diaz, exercised a
prerogative, he turned back. He explained to Fasco
that they were
making too little progress for the voyage to be
wasn't wholeheartedly in accord, but he agreed to turn
Among other unforeseen problems the galley stove didn't
work, and the
crew faced an undetermined siege of subsistence from cold
"After a one week delay, Fasco set said again. This
time he took
only Collins and Seymour. ‘La Cucaracha, proceeded
slowly to a
point just east of Alligator Reef, and the broadcast began
after noon, Saturday, June 14, 1963. A minor oversight
part of the Radio Contact group was remedied-providing a
monitor set back in Miami so it could be determined how the
was received. The monitoring crew never managed to
pick up the
"However, the Coast guard heard the transmission. On
15, La Cucaracha had a visit from a Coast Guard launch for a
"Collins reported the Coast Guard crew also was curious
they had a license for the broadcast, and was informed such
necessary for broadcasting outside the U.S.
"The Coast Guard advised the Cucaracha crew that it wasn't
agreement. "La Cucaracha was advised to proceed to the
Coast Guard station.
"There the trio was questioned extensively and Fasco advised
under arrest. According to Collins and Seymour,
Patrol and Immigration officials took part in the
interrogation as well
as several "spooks"–CIA agents.
"Their inquisitors appeared crestfallen when it was decided
actually was not law violation for which they could be held,
four hours the three men were released, and ordered to get
out of mooring area as it was considered a fire hazard."
...I find I described Harber as "a balding six-footer who
quotes from Thomas Jefferson's the tree of Liberty, from
time to time,
must be nourished by the blood of patriots" (without adding
complete quote ending" It is its natural manure.")
Harber not specifically asked why he was involved in the
undertaking. However, Seymour and Collins were.
said "I got fed up with the situation (lack of U.S. action
Castro) about a year and a half ago and volunteered my
He said he found training exiles in the keys a bit
specifically lack of organization.
Collins said his interest was due to the fact "there are
propagandists and preachers against communism, but very few
are doing anything about it. I feel after being in
service the best thing I could do would be to put into
knowledge I had."
As to U.S. - Cuba policy, Collins said "I don't know what
are. They keep advising us of the ‘big picture'
know what they told us were the reasons for the Korean War,
feel accomplished nothing but to get 30,000 Americans
"I was in service during the Hungarian rebellion.
rumors that we would help them. We didn't and just let
slaughtered. If something like that should happen
rather meet it with rifle in hand."
Biographical date on Gerald Patrick Hemming, from copy of a
Dr. Max Raffer, 3 July 1962, who later became California
Public Instruction, states:
Born at Los Angeles, California 1 March 1937
Served in the U.S. Marine Corps 1954 to 1958
Military schools include air traffic control tower (FAA
GCA Radar Final Controller, Link Instrument flight
Served with Recon Marines, 4th Marine Regiment, (Far East)
3rd Marine Air Wing, completed underwater swimmers school,
qualified parachutist (military and skydiving)
During 1958 attended and graduated from U.S. Naval Academy
Bainbridge, MD., and due to interest in Cuban situation,
honorable discharge at U.S. Naval Academy October 1958.
Served in Castro's revolutionary forces (Rebel Army and
Rebel Air force
until late August of 1960. Served as a parachute
platoon leader in the rebel army and as a recon and fighter
the rebel air force. Due to activities in the summer
of 1960 was
arrested and imprisoned a number of times by Castro's secret
(G2). After getting companions out of the country,
made way to
the U.S. via central America. Upon arrival in U.S.
hours typing out reports for the CIA, and after that was
made myself available for reinfiltration into Cuba, or
into Communist sponsored groups in Central America.
After a period of weeks with no response from the CIA, I
decide to drop
my cover and proceed to the Miami area to aid many old
needed instructors for their personnel. After arrival
(March , 1961) I proceeded to help organize a group of U.S.
Guerrilla Warfare Instructors that was baptized "Interpen"
(International Penetration Force). (end gerald patrick
OPERATION CONTACT ceases to exist when Collins, accompanied
Dan Parrish, took boat out for Sunday afternoon outing of
beer drinking late in September. Boat ran a ground on
Beach, and surf pounded it to pieces. Fasco charged
theft, and he jailed but later charges dismissed by Peace
Ferguson. Collins maintained he had permission to use
Undated AP dispatch datelined Miami (believed to be sometime
in 1963 but not certain) says.
"Federal agents said yesterday four Americans who were
members of a
secret organization were arrested with a large quantity of
ammunition taken from a Cuban married couple.
"Agents also disclosed a Cuban was apprehended and a .75
recoilless rifle, 37 millimeter and 20 millimeter cannons, a
machine gun, rifles submachine guns and thousands of rounds
ammunition were confiscated in raids on two houses Wednesday
"Customs supervising agent Joseph A. Fortier said the
members of a group called Inter-Continental Penetration
Forces and had
headquarters at No Name Key in the Florida Keys.
"The Five were charged with violating the national firearms
possessing automatic weapons. They were ROY HARGRAVES,
C. GARMAN, 33; JUSTIN WILSON, 26; JAMES LEWIS, 30.
The Cuban was Michael R. Marino, 28."
Hall and Seymour, with 1950-ish blue Oldsmobile and a
wooden, home-build two-wheel trailer appeared at Glades
Democrat Office on Thursday 24 October 1963. Hall at
unknown to me.
Hall showed me on of what he said were some 20 m-14 rifles,
Urriaga conversion of M-1's to M-14 type. Hall also
said he had,
if I recall correctly, some 20,000 rounds of .30 caliber
plus one 20 millimeter Finnish cannon. He also had a
Honeywell Pentax camera, and a 16mm Bolex, with two 25 mm
of which he insisted was wide-angle, and a 3-inch telephoto
lense, if I
Hall and Seymour said they had a promise of $30,000 for any
millimeter footage for television use, with sponsor to be
manufacturer of Dr. Ross' dog food. What they were
said, was film which would be beneficial to Goldwater
specifically "Russian missiles in Cuba."
Having encountered suggestions in previous year that
existed for films which could be used for fund-raising among
and having been skeptical of validity of such projects, was
dubious of news value of such an enterprise...but felt it
worth looking into, particularly in view of the fact that in
equipment, photographic and otherwise, he was in pretty good
This was a press day. Hall and Seymour arrived just
and said they had been driving all night, and had been, Hall
picked up by Dallas cops–don't remember whether city or
in sticky position due to barbiturates in possession,
although arms and
ammunition were parked safely in trailer separated from
No charges made, and while no specific name mentioned as to
influence, later heard from Hemming (Jerry Patrick) that
oilman in Dallas, responsible. Did hear name "Logue"
several times during next few days, by Hall, Howard and
Hall and Seymour slept on porch at my boardinghouse while I
paper, after they painted trailer (blue over its original
black, if I
After paper distribution made in evening, and for all
purposes finished for week, having agreed to serve as chief
photographer for the mission, departed behind Hall who was
trailer. Seymour rode with me. We lost Hall one
between South Bay and Andytown, when he got ahead of us
we doubled back from time to time to check on his having no
Got to Miami, and he stored the equipment, and began looking
boat. I introduced him to Santiago Alvarez, who said
he could do
nothing, had lost the Alisan and all his equipment
Hall finally made connection with Manolo Aguilar, head of
Revolucionario Anti-Comunista), for use of Aguilar's boat
"Putusa". Quartered Hall, Seymour and Howard, who they
Miami, for next few days in apartment of transient
associate of mine, William Jacob Tillman, at, if recall
NW 14th or 22nd Ct...apartment was upstairs from friend who
Delta Air Lines in operations, Worth Davidson, now in
check with him to determine correct address).
Boat arrangements not final until Monday 28 October,
rounded up film necessary through purchase of film from ABC
(Martin was first name, I believe) and also still film
Hall ran short of money, and telephoned, to Dallas, I
more. Got it wired to Fort Lauderdale, don't know
sum. At one time overheard the phone number, and wrote
it in my
checkbook, but have been unable since to locate the
Hall traded the 20 millimeter, I understand, did not see the
transaction, to Aguilar for transportation. Also was
to give him
small amount of .30 caliber ammo as well as what 20
millimeter he had.
During the period from arrival in Miami to departure, either
or Monday, or both, hall visited both Revolutionary Council
an 17th, I believe) and the Unidad Revolucionaria offices 10
ST., trying to engineer some deal for a .30 caliber
said. He never accomplished this.
Hall essentially had a four-man unit or five, including me
in charge of
all cameras, including two 35 mms of my own and my 16
picture camera. His group was Seymour, Howard and
another lad, a
Cuban known only to me as Luis. He was rather young,
he was the "Sardinia" referred to later in a letter from
don't know. Do know Luis furnished his own weapon, a
which he lost, and his landlord mentioned to him several
mission failed that the FBI was looking for him.
Departure date, around nightfall on Tuesday 29 October,
vehicles to be used. Earlier; Hall, Aguilar, Howard
Seymour and I
had driven to launch site suggested by Aguilar, which was on
Ocean Reef Club on Key Largo, on south side of key.
Hall suggested use of my car to tow boat, with no
avoid debate, I agreed. I drove Aguilar's car, with
Seymour, and myself, plus all camera gear and a .357 Magnum
barrel which Hall issue me.
Drove to rendezvous point, which was made a bit troublesome
due to fact
that despite fact turnoff dirt road was exactly (if I recall
6 ˝ miles from junction with U.S. 1, Aguilar's car had a
speedometer and there were several dirt road turning off to
Finally found right one, and drove to launch spot. No
arrived. At one time, heard car with engine racing
in woods east of our position, and it sounded like my
Arrived about 8 p.m., if recollection accurate. After
hours, backtracked to marine on U.S. 1 and telephoned
to see if he departed. Wife said he had been gone for
Returned to launch point and waited until midnight.
posted at road entrance to launch point. Aguilar and
showed. Figured impossible to reach Cuban coast in
launch post midnight and rounded up crew to return to
route, about four or five miles back from Ocean Reef
Hall's car with boat on trailer halted on west shoulder,
where he had
been stopped while southbound. About 50 yards behind
station wagon with buggywhip antenna. I called it to
troops (Luis, Seymour and Howard were asleep, but I awoke
kept going. Hall had stressed that if there was
trouble, it was
every man for himself.
Fed the three in Homestead, and drove them to
apartment. Felt I
would check Aguilar home, and Customs shed area in case of
no need for all to miss sleep. Found Hall walking from
shed, he jumped in car and said "Let's get out of here."
He explained he had been stopped towing boat, Cesar Diosdado
had stuck with him and made _____.
Arrest came when Manuel Barbarito Perez Goyanes, according
subsequent information, turned up driving my car which had
been used to
transport arms, and stopped to see why Hall had stopped.
Disposition of car handled in attached copy of letter o 7
Feb 1964 attached.
Around midmorning Hall and Aguilar went to Customs to see
could retrieve in way of personal equipment not
went with them in capacity as Miami Herald correspondent,
of seized contraband.
Had to purchase $50 auto which caught fire in carburetor,
seriously) when driven back to Aguilar's house. That
Harber, Pinow, and Collins showed up at Aguilar's to
the unfortunates. Thought Hemming also was there, but
believe he was. Harber was most unhappy, " could just
his first utterance, if I recall correctly.
I returned to Moore Haven. In the mixup of sorting out
belongings, I ended up with wallet and plastic envelope
Seymour. Among his belongings was payment book on plot
(small) he was buying on installment in Hawaii. Got
letter from him postmarked Houston 9 Nov 1963, which later
got damp and
caused running ink problems. But, inspection with
glass gives this as content:
Address to Editor, Glades County Democrat, Moore Haven,
Fla., return address Bill S., 1008 Simmons St., Tucson,
Homeward bound. Washed out. Brushmush (Hall, who
which he shaved after arrest and released..no charges made
or others) is left in Miami with the goodies. He
transportation (too Hot) so Larry and I asked for a small
the pile for a little vacation we had on the side. It
was no __
so we took off west with Sardinia.
Stopped at your place on the way but got word you were in
Fort Myers at
a football game. Would you like very much if you would
contents of my wallet in an envelope and send it address
St., Tucson, Ariz. I won't need the red envelope until
at which time I will send some money for it and for some
(whatever you have handy). I'll also send your watch
too if you
want it. I'd be very glad to hear from you at any
far as I know, Mr. H's wife won't send him loot. He
The watch referred to was a $3.25 pocket watch loaned which
I did not
ask returned. Sent Seymour's belongings to him and had
word from him, Howard nor Hall...with exception that the day
return, or on 1 Nov. 63, upon receipt of telephone call from
Miami, made him prints of pictures involved, including
parked in Jones Boatyard, arms in Customs shed, and himself
which I understand he wanted to show to his sponsors to
misfortune. At this time, or rather before returning
Haven, reclaimed three rolls of film on early preparations
been mailed on street drop boxes to LIFE in Miami for
possible use if a
worthwhile story developed.
Hall said his home in Monterrey, Calif., and that he was a
Society vice-president. Seymour kidded him
being extremist. Hall strongly anti-JFK, and if I
correctly had expressed opinion "that son of a bitch ought
to be shot"
and expressed strong Republican and pro-Goldwater
Hall said he had been in Cuban hills with Castro rebels in
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