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[REFERENCE: County Intelligence File, "Cuban Revolution File" 1959, #18335]

(By the editors of "REVOLUTION International")

We have always thought that the crisis of the Caribbean is due to the economic and social structure which prevails in the forms of government and in the ways of living together.  So long as dictatorship, economic disorder and social injustice constitute the basis for civil life in those countries, crises of an internal and external nature will be permanent, they will form the rhythm of their history and will constitute perhaps the chaos which precedes the light, as philosophers before SOCRATES claimed.  The crisis in the Caribbean, accentuated and promoted in the majority of cases by those who wish to hide under an apparent disorder the vindictive vitality of the peoples, will be ended with the liberation and economic growth of the peoples.  The crisis in itself has no significance; its meaning becomes clear when it is known who causes it and why.

Today, they try to point out that there is a crisis in the Caribbean just as one speaks of a crisis in Berlin or in the Middle East.  Long before any incident of any importance took place the wire news services abounded with news of that sort.  A few days ago, the President of Guatemala declared that he would support an country invaded from Cuba.  The illustrious Generalissimo TRUJILLO decreed a state of emergency in Santo Domingo with great and ridiculous legal pomp.  All those measures are being taken under the pretext of an aggressive attitude on the part of the Republic of Cuba through its revolutionary government.  The improbability of such actions was obvious, but it is a matter of creating confusion among the unwary.  Everybody knows that during a revolutionary process like the one through which the Cuban people have just passed, a country does not take an aggressive attitude; on the contrary, it adopts a cautious position and one of waiting so far as external affairs are concerned, and dedicates itself with all its might to the task of consolidating the elements and institutions which it has within it in order to obtain the strengthening of the victory of the Revolution.

Moreover, the high officials of the revolutionary government of the Republic of Cuba, the Prime Minister and the Chief of the Armed Forces and the Ministry of State have on many occasions expressed their respect for international treaties, for the principle of non-intervention in the internal problems of other countries and the freedom of the peoples to settle their own intimate problems.  The position of the Cuban government has been clearly shown from the very moment that it stopped attempts to invade other countries from its territory.  The Cuban government is not responsible for the dissatisfaction existing in neighboring nations, nor the exemplary bravery of the Cuban Revolution.  On the other hand, it is difficult for the Cuban armed forces to prevent in all cases, the departure of expeditions from Cuba.  It is impossible to establish a perfect vigilance of the coasts.  During the last world war, allied commands landed on the continent of Europe in spite of the very powerful armies of the Axis.

The present "crisis" in the Caribbean is due also to an aggressive plan against Cuba, protected and promoted by the reactionary forces inside and outside of Cuba.

TRUJILLO and SOMOZA, YDIGORAS FUENTES and others create an atmosphere of hysteria which resolves itself in insults for the Cuban nation and in supposed defense measures against theoretical invasions.  That loud cry of the tyrants finds an echo in the attitude of the colonialist forces of Cuba, Santo Domingo, Central America and the United States.  SMATHERS, taking advantage of the complaints of his chiefs, cites the trust which exists between the good buyer and the good seller, and in order to satisfy the petitions of his masters, a little after TRUJILLO, he starts on the subject of the need of creating an international policy to repress the activities of Cuba.  Nobody pays much attention to the opinions of Smathers which served to unmask the work of the reactionary forces against the Cuban Revolution.  In order to establish their degree of strength and the perilousness of the "crisis in the Caribbean," provocations increase and they bring about a very secret meeting of American ambassadors in the Caribbean.  All that work directed against Cuba results only in strengthening the national revolutionary conscience and in accelerating the development of the Revolution in Cuba.

The invasion of Panama organized by Panamanians from Cuban territory will be pounced upon as a pretext by the enemies of Cuba.  The government has tacitly explained its position.  A few days ago, the Chief of the Armed Forces declared that those attempts had the characteristics of provocations.  In statements made to the press today by the Minister of State of the Republic, the position of the Revolutionary Government is clearly established.  The truth of the declarations is proved by the precedent that on two different occasions previous to that the government stopped expeditions which were headed for a Haiti and Nicaragua.  Several days ago, in Washington, Dr. FIDEL CASTRO declared Cuba's absolute respect for international law.  On that point there is no possible doubt; the Ambassador of the Republic of Panama has not accused Cuba because it is impossible to deny the neutrality of the Cuban State in the process.

The serious thing in the Panamanian event, without considering its legitimacy as far as the Panamanian people are concerned, is the indisputable reaction which it will provoke in anti-Cuban circles, because of the lack of responsibility on the part of those Cubans who joined it, for what purpose no one knows, for the fundamental job of the moment is to strengthen the Cuban Revolution and not to provoke revolts in other countries.  We do not know what the ideological purpose of the conflict was, nor what the invaders of Panama were fighting for.  But we do not ignore the counter-revolutionary possibilities which it encompasses.  A few days ago, a North American succeeded in convincing a group of ingenuous and well intentioned Cubans and attracted them to an invasion of Nicaragua.  Nothing can convince us that the deed does not have the same origin.  The fundamental thing is that it can be used against Cuba and against the radical Latin American movements for liberation such as that of the Dominican people which supports the most absurd and insulting tyranny of modern times.

The "crisis in the Caribbean" provoked artificially in order to attack Cuba and the real crisis in the Caribbean supported by colonialism and economic anarchy, dictatorship and ignominy are in the foreground today on the international scene.  As we have said, from chaos comes light.  From the present crisis will come future order.  We must fight the crisis which arises from interests which cause friction between nations and t he permanent crisis in which t hose nations, offended and humiliated by regimes of immorality and terror, live.  The position of the Cuban people and the Cuban government in regard to the Panamanian conflict is definite: Cuba has not interfered in the internal affairs of Panama.  Expeditions such as that which took place in order to invade Panama are uncontrollable.  The Cuban government is doing everything it can to prevent them and has given convincing proof of its good faith.  Cuba's respect for international law has been demonstrated and its position remains unchanged.  In the same way may it strengthen itself against the international conspiracies and the forces which fight in the interior in order to establish anarchy and confusion.  The Revolution is clear and effective in national and international matters.  Hysteria, complaints and sensationalism do not interest us.

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