DADE COUNTY DEMOGRAPHICS
THE DADE COUNTY PUBLIC
CIVIL DISORDER 1968
AFTER ACTION REPORT
METROPOLITAN DADE COUNTY,
Dade County covers a land area of approximately 2,090 square
is located about 25 degrees north of the equator at the
corner of the State of Florida. It is the largest
county in the
southeastern United States in terms of both land area and
population. In 1962 census showed one million, however
now, closer to over two million in the metropolitan area,
annual influx of tourists in the neighborhood of seven
Dade County is a flat porous limestone plain, almost devoid
and streams and with a shallow soil cover. The average
is five to ten feet above sea level, the highest point not
feet. Geologically, south Florida is one of the most
in the nation and has little chance of experiencing
This Greater Miami Area, as it is sometimes called, had a
marine climate and enjoys one of the most pleasant climates
continental United States. This explains the fast
population and huge tourist industry.
Dade County receives money from basic economic sources, thus
it to buy the goods and services it cannot produce locally,
rest of the nation. These sources are basic economic
Money is brought into the area from the export of goods
locally, sales and services to other local basic activities
services performed for non-residents.
THE ECONOMIC BASE
1. External investment
2. Property income
3. Transfer payments
TOTAL approximately 36%
Basic Economic Activities
1. Tourism 20%
*2. Manufacturing of all kinds, approx. 10%
3. Aircraft maintenance &
7. Other transportation and
*There are 3300 manufacturing plants of all types and sizes
in Dade County
Although Dade County, in past years, was almost solely
the tourist industry, Metropolitan Dade County has, and
refute the belief that no other industry can develop in the
The climate seems to also be an asset to industrial
County led the country in industrial growth in recent years,
according to the United States Department of Labor's
reports, from 1960
through 1965 the manufacturing force grew 28.3% ahead of
Dallas and third place Atlanta. Annually, up to 300
firms locate or relocate in the Greater Miami area.
The social composition of the people of Dade County is
cosmopolitan. They came from all over the United
Canada, as well as South America, and Puerto Rico, and
recent years, Cuba.
There have been integrated in the "melting pot" of this
large numbers of farm people from other areas of Florida,
Georgia, and urban dwellers from New York, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania and Michigan.
These areas supplied the bulk of the initial influx of
the area, however, people from every state in the Union are
to be found
in Dade County.
After Castro seized power in Cuba, this area became the
thousands of Cubans who came as political refugees.
who because of their difference in language, their initial
state and the fact that they were strangers in a new, and to
foreign country tended to settle in the same areas of the
They have consequently populated a large portion of the
section of the City of Miami and formed what is being
"Little Cuba." This is perhaps comparable to the Ybor
in our sister city of Tampa. The approximate total
Cubans in Dade County now equals at least 100,000.
We have in Dade County approximately 1,000 Seminole Indians,
Indian villages. Other groups consist of Japanese,
Filipinos. These people, along with those of German,
Russian, Italian, Polish, Greek and other descent are
and third generation Americans who are integrated
socially into the county's population.
There is in addition to these population segments already
another significant social group, the county's Jewish
Many of them, like the earlier Cuban residents, are
throughout the area and have partly intermarried with the
majority of the population. However, a large
elderly retired persons of the Jewish faith is found on the
half of Miami Beach.
The 1960 Census showed 137,299 Negroes in Dade County,
15% of the county's population. The Negro represents
of the "visible" minority groups. They are widely
throughout all of the county, however, they have not been
integrated as have most other ethnic groups but have formed
communities such as in Miami, the "Central Negro District",
unincorporated areas, "Liberty City", Bunche Park, Goulds
Dixie Pine and Sugar Hill areas, Richmond Heights, plus
others. The present estimate, using the 15% figure, is
Negro today comprises approximately 183,750 persons of the
population of Dade County.
All things considered, the Dade County area is a large
with many diverse types of endeavors available for its
population to engage itself.
This sprawling giant is growing in every direction and in
business and industry, cultural, recreational and
activities are available. With this growth often comes
pains as its people seek the level of existence and the type
community they wish.
End of Page
1998-2014 Cuban Information Archives. All Rights