Seeks a Cuban Visa
Topic: Oswald in Mexico
A presentation given in
Rio de Janeiro, August 1995.
By Arturo Rodriguez
(Former Cuban Security Agent)
The visit of Lee Harvey Oswald to the Cuban Consulate in Mexico, in the
of 1963, was the highlight of a project to blame Cuba for the
of President Kennedy.
To understand the scheme of the plot, it will be necessary to look at
past, his arrival in New Orleans in the spring of the same year, the
he carried out there which identified him with supporters of the Cuban
the incidents with the Cuban exiles and the publicity given to this,
encounter with two elements of the CIA in September in Dallas, the
with the Cuban exile, Silvia Odio, and finally his trip to Mexico and
negotiations carried out in the Cuban and Soviet Consulates to obtain a
to allow him to travel to those countries.
In the investigation of Oswald's past, from the time he entered the
armed forces on Oct. 24, 1956, until his return from the Soviet Union
June 2, 1962, it was evident that we were witnessing an intelligence
who "deserted" with a very definite purpose, subordinated to a project,
by the CIA or other U.S. intelligence service. We believe it to
that today, in light of the information known, shared by many, the
why we won't dwell on its reasoning. Nevertheless, we are
your disposal to discuss our arguments at a convenient time.
In that way, we move to the analysis of the incidents that begin to
from the time Oswald arrived in New Orleans in the second half of April
Immediately after his settlement in New Orleans, Oswald started to
public activities that would tie him as an "ardent" sympathizer of the
Revolution. A review of all those activities, are known by all
1. Oswald and his manipulators, conscientiously documented his
in the Comite Pro Justo Trato a Cuba (Fair Play for Cuba
Letters to the president of this organization, and the editing and
of pamphlets related to the defense of Cuba, were actions taken by
during this period. He also sent correspondence to the Communist
to the newspaper of this organization, and finally to the Soviet
where he expressed his wishes to return to the USSR.
The incident with the Cuban exiles, where apparently he tried to
the group headed by Carlos Bringuier, and had a public confrontation
them, when he (LHO) was caught handing out propaganda favoring Cuba
all part of an "episode" concluded with the radio debate between Oswald
Bringuier, where Oswald declared himself a Marxist and Castro
I believe we need not dwell on this topic, since it is evident that
actions had one purpose, to document Oswald's pro Castro affiliation
for later use.
As you will remember, this information was later manipulated by the
after Kennedy's death.
2. According to the investigations of the colleague Gaeton Fonzi,
Veciana confessed that at the end of August or in early September of
while attending a meeting in Dallas with his case officer "Maurice
When he arrived at the meeting place, he (MB) was talking with a young
American man which he later recognized to be Oswald. Veciana
that when he arrived, the meeting (with the young man) ended and the
man left, and he stayed with Bishop to talk about his business.
(Note: this is not in
transcript - but I had to read
times because Rodriguez keeps using
he he he he and
is difficult to figure out which he,
he is referring
---HE HELL! You should check it out
This meeting was very strange. No intelligence officer makes
in the same place without a reason, with two agents of different
There had to be a need for this.
Later, Veciana told Fonzi that Bishop asked him, after the Kennedy
to try to bribe a relative, Guillermo Ruiz, who worked as a diplomat at
Mexican Cuban Embassy, to testify that Oswald was a Cuban agent.
However, around that time the theory of the lone assassin was
no one wanted, not even the CIA, to know any different.
Then, why did the three of them get together in Dallas in the Fall of
Was it by chance as explained by Veciana? We don't think
There was something planned there in which Veciana, Bishop and Oswald
to participate in.
-It could have been the intent to recruit Ruiz's wife, a few days
the Kennedy assassination. Maybe, the visit to Silvia
And thinking broadly, as a result of uncovered CIA operations, it could
been a presentation among agents, one Veciana, who was infiltrated in
apparent anti-Castro group El JURE, but in reality it was plotting
Kennedy under orders from Cuba, and the other, Oswald, who was destined
unmask the conspiracy, traveling to Cuba to meet with the "bosses" (of
Veciana was a friend of Silvia's father, they knew each other from Cuba
Oswald was an experienced agent that had carried out a mission in
This hypothesis could explain Oswald's visit to Odio and the
of the two Latins about their affiliation and liking of Leon Oswald.
On our part, in 1973, we received information through two different
close to Veciana, where it was affirmed that "Bishop" was a name given
him to David Phillips. As it is known, Phillips was the boss of
operative forces of the CIA, in charge of the Cuban case in Mexico City.
3. In June of 1963 Oswald applied for his U.S. passport, with
according to his letter to the corresponding agency, to travel to
Europe, the USSR, Finland and Poland, - which was approved the next
It is really strange that a renegade like Oswald be granted a passport
quickly, and that the FBI, in charge of following all possible Moscow
would have allowed it, since it is known that these applications are
known to all intelligence organizations, especially in a case like this
4. Oswald tried to travel to Cuba from Mexico. On the 17th
September he visited the Mexican consulate in New Orleans applying for
tourist visa for 15 days to travel to that country - he gets it with no
On the 26th of the same month, according to the Warren Commission,
boarded a bus in Houston, in route to Laredo at 2:35 a.m.,
in that city at approximately 1:20 p.m. He must have crossed the
around noon on the 26th, arriving at the Aztec capital at 10:00 a.m. at
time he registered at the Comercio Hotel.
The Cuban consulate in Mexico City was located on the lower floor of a
whose top floor was occupied by the commercial office of the
A room on the lower floor was shared by both offices as a waiting
Lee Harvey Oswald, arrived at the Cuban consulate on September 27,
Back then the office was represented by Eusebio Azcue Lopez who was in
process of turning over his responsibilities as general consul to
Alfredo Mirabal Diaz, who had been named to that post on July first of
year, and the secretary Silvia Tirado de Duran, a Mexican national.
Comrade Azcue was 52 years old, Mirabal 40 and Mrs. Duran 26.
The Cuban consulate working hours were from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.,
through Friday for the general public. Saturday was set aside for
matters -when necessary.
Statements given by witnesses Eusebio Azcue and Alfredo Mirabal and by
Mexican Silvia Duran--known to all of you--allows us to establish the
that an individual identified as Lee Harvey Oswald visited the Cuban
on three occasions.
Silvia Duran recalls these visits to be on the 27th, although Azcue
that the first two (visits) took place on that day which happened to
been a Friday, and the third on Saturday the 28th. Mirabal's
are not so precise.
The chronology of the visits were known 15 years after the
While Mrs. Duran's statements collected in total during interrogations
by the Mexican police, given to the CIA station there and later to the
Commission, (outlined) the relation of Oswald's encounters and other
A brief review of these visits can be resumed in the following:
a. The people that personally take care and speak to him were
Duran and the consul Azcue. Comrade Mirabal, who did not speak
is an eye witness of his presence on more than one occasion, at a
of approximately four meters.
b. Oswald applied for a visa to Cuba on his way to the USSR,
his wish to travel on the 30th of September, staying in Havana from one
c. He showed documents and said he belonged to the U.S. Communist
and was secretary of the Fair Play for Cuba in New Orleans. He
a dubious passport - and as you can remember- he was issued a new
his residency to be the USSR from October 1959 to June 1962 and a
certificate with a Soviet citizen.
d. Silvia Duran made up the form for his visa application adding
it the photos given by the subject, which was signed in her
This form included all documents presented by the subject for the
of his application and was signed by Alfredo Mirabal (at the bottom of
application) attesting to this.
e. The Cubans, under instructions in force at that time, told the
that it was impossible to grant him a visa for the time he requested it
until the country of destination had granted it.
f. The situation of this subject was such, that Azcue as well as
called the Soviet consulate to explain his case.
g. During the subject's visit to the Soviet consulate, it was
to him that requirements for granting a visa to that country took
two to three months, the reason why he would have to wait that long.
h. He returned to the Cuban consulate somewhat disturbed and
to force the visa granting, leading to an altercation between himself
consul Azcue, for which he was ordered out of the office.
This altercation was in the presence of comrade Mirabal and Antonio
Lara, an official of the commercial office, who, at hearing the
and thinking this might be a provocation, went downstairs to the
office and was able to see the subject leaving.
Another witness to the visit was Guillermo Ruiz, in charge of the
office, who at the time was going to his office, was intercepted by
who was arguing with a North American subject and asks him, since he
good English, to explain to him again why he was denied the visa and
reasons why. Ruiz did this and had a chance to look at the
face for a few seconds at a short distance.
Since the moments after the Kennedy assassination, our embassy's
in Mexico noticed, with the exception of Azcue who was back in Cuba,
the accused assassin was the same person that had visited them in
Alfredo Mirabal informed his Ministry officially, Lara only commented
it, given the small participation they had in the events and knowing of
report made by Mirabal, an official superior to them.
On his part, Azcue in Cuba, did not recognize Oswald's photos published
the press as the person who visited the Cuban Consulate in Mexico.
This contradiction between Azcue and Mirabal, were made evident in
given by both to the investigators of the Select Committee in 1978.
As for Mrs. Duran, she recognized Oswald from the first moment as the
that she helped in the Cuban Consulate at the end of September 1963.
The investigations done by us show that the typewriter used to fill out
questionnaire form of the subject said to be named Oswald, was the same
as the one in Mrs. Duran's office, used to fill out other forms.
photo was Oswald and if we note the Warren Commission's verdict, the
in the document was also his. There is one additional
The signature of comrade Mirabal, attesting to the data given by the
was his. There is no doubt.
An arithmetic addition of the testimonies tell us that four [persons]
Oswald as the person that visited and requested a visa, and one and
one, Azcue, did not recognized him. Other evidence already
points out that it was Oswald and not someone else who visited the
As such, we conclude that the subject that identified himself as Lee
Oswald, during a visit to the Consulate in the month of September of
to request a transit visa to Cuba, was indeed the same person, that
the----was identified by the same names.
5. Nevertheless, these were not the only events that took place
that time. Sometime after the Kennedy assassination, two witnesses, the
Elena Garro de Paz and the Nicaraguan Gilberto Alvarado Ugarte, alleged
Silvia Duran was connected to Oswald during the visit. Garro even
that the consul Azcue, had said during a conversation held with the
Emilio Carballido, that "Kennedy had to be killed".
It seemed to us that those elements were in the works - in what we call
the business - of an "active measure" -in other words, intentional and
information geared to deceive or divert attention of an issue or
Another incident to consider was the one occurring a few days before
assassination. The intent to compromise the wife of comrade
Ruiz, Hilda Veciana. According to her, walking towards the
she found a large roll of dollar bills in the middle of the
When she stopped, stunned by what she saw, a citizen that could have
Mexican, approached her and said: "Lady, you have dropped your money,
pick it up - it is yours". Meanwhile two other people approached
the reason why Hilda became scared. She ran towards the embassy,
two comrades came out to help her, but of course, they found nothing.
We know that David Phillips was the boss of the operative forces of the
in the Aztec capital (they are so dramatic- why can't they say Mexico
Also, the strange meeting in the first few days of September in Dallas
Veciana and Oswald. It is not necessary to argue the tight bond
the false "Cuban case", which he states in his own autobiography
Another essential fact, was that Phillips was an expert in
warfare, in other words, in the fabrication of lies and half truths,
which he admits to. (that he takes credit for lies etc.)
Other information came to aid us in understanding this plot. The
Alvarado, turned out to be an agent of the Somosa intelligence and the
information, who declined to testify to the Select Committee in 1978,
by, proceeding from a source, that-- (Darn - they beat around the bush)
to declassified information by the CIA in 1993, -- was an official of
U.S. embassy in Mexico and according to our records, a CIA
Mr. Charles Thomas, committed suicide in 1970.
According to what Phillips narrated in his book, already mentioned, the
(I think he means the masking device - conceal - pretext) of the
embassy at that time was total. Lets see what he says:
"The boss of the Cuban Section (he refers to when he arrived at the
before the N. del A events), was Wally, whom I had encountered for the
time at the University of Chile, in Santiago. He had also been
by the CIA as an intelligence officer".
"Wally's task was to maintain total coverage of the Cuban
ideally to cover a hostile apparatus (installation) abroad with
means including: inside spies informing about their own government;
to read correspondence to and from the embassy; able to listen to
conversations; at least a microphone to transmit inside secrets; able
obtain photographs of everyone working at the embassy and those who
and the access to trash disposal......it would be incorrect to say what
Wally's total coverage of the Cuban embassy, when I arrived in Mexico
1961, but it was pretty good..."
As known by those present here, -- having been informed by the Select
-- the photographic post across from our embassy, located in the street
Marquez 149-1 Colonia Condesa, was operated by a Cuban, posing as a
named Augusto Cesar Rodriguez Gallegos, from where everyone entering
leaving the diplomatic office was photographed.
Oswald visited at least three times the Cuban consulate and on one or
occasions the soviet consulate, that was also "covered". However,
the assassination none of the photos appeared and the one that
If the CIA obtained photos, information, telephone recordings, and
recordings placed in the sofa of the Cuban consulate, years later
- why did all this evidence disappear?
Reflecting on all of this we make the following hypothesis.
was arranged to document Oswald's visit, therefore there was a plot to
Cuba in the assassination that was to later "unchain" the
However, almost immediately after Oswald's arrest in Dallas, when the
for Oswald's Mexico material starts by the (principal center?
an official agency) - incorrect information was given. Was it
the arrest was not planned by those who plotted, threw out (did away
the well conceived plan to blame Cuba? The truth is that almost
after Oswald's assassination, in the coarse and precipitated conditions
to all, appeared the theory of the "lone assassin" and the "Cuban plot"
second stage. What are the reasons? What are the motives?
These are essential questions that North American authorities should
to the public and once and for all make it clear about the
of president John F. Kennedy.
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