[This document is from a
in Cuba in 1978 in English. It brought some new
words into the
language as the reader will see. The text was copied
spelling, grammar, and vocabulary --- as written.]
CIA: CUBA ACCUSES
Printed by the Cuban National Preparatory Committee of the
of Youth and Students, 1978.
Composition "emplane" and impression: Polygraphic
Lopez" from Cultural Minister, Habana, July 1978
HOW HAS THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY OBSCURED AND
INFORMATION CONCERNING THE ASSASSINATIONS OF POLITICAL
LEADERS AND THE
OF JOHN F. KENNEDY?
_____________________________ The plot to involve Cuba in
_____________________________ CUBA REVEALS!
CIA: CUBA ACCUSES
The tenebrous forces that planned, financed and ordered the
of the President of the United states have tried to deceive
and world opinion about the real causes and the real
culprits of the
crime, to affect the growing prestige of the Cuban
Revolution and to
a pretext for an aggression against Cuba.
Lee Harvey Oswald was an agent of the United States Central
There are many obscure areas of the investigations carried
out so far
the United States.
US intelligence bodies have deliberately and systematically
the information necessary to definitively clarify those
implicated in the events of November 22, 1963
In a subtle way, doubts are created and elements are
and to divert attention, to maintain the view and the
Cuban Revolution had something to do with the assassination
THE PLOT TO INVOLVE CUBA IN THE ASSASSINATION OF
JOHN F. KENNEDY
September 27, 1963. A man who claims to be Lee Harvey
citizen, comes to the Cuban Consulate in Mexico City.
carries a book by Lenin under his arm. He requests a
visa to stay
Cuba for one or two weeks on route to the Soviet Union and
to accredit him as a member of the Communist Party of the
of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee.
Less than two months afterwards, Lee Harvey Oswald's name
page in newspapers all over the world. He was arrested
22, accused of being directly responsible for the
assassination of John
Kennedy, President of the United States.
The clash of interests in the high ruling circles of US
society led to
assassination of the main executive figure. But the
that planned, financed, directed and ordered the Dallas
crime, as a way
solve the internal contradictions of Yankee imperialism for
the most reactionary sections of the "turbulent and brutal
North" add a
insidious, and craven element: a conspiracy to involve
in the assassination of Kennedy and to deceive US and world
the real causes and the real culprits of the Dallas crime,
to try to
Cuba's growing prestige and fabricate a pretext to activate
to overthrow the Revolutionary Government by force.
a cog in the wheel, was at the same time, the first effort
sections to involve Cuba in the Dallas crime.
After the events of November 22, 1963, assassination set the
into motion to try to label Oswald a Marxist and an active
the Cuban Revolution...Later on, it would become clear that
involved fabricating an alleged relationship between Oswald
whereby Oswald was following orders from Cuba when he shot
of the United States.
But, actually, who was this man named Oswald?
Lee Harvey Oswald became a CIA agent in the late '50.
On October 24, 1956, he enlisted in the Marine Corps as a
sent to Japan, where he was trained as a radio and telegraph
Between 1957 and 1958, he was recruited by the United States
This has been publicly confirmed by former CIA official
who worked in the Finance Section of the Tokyo CIA
was trained at the Atsugi Naval Air Station, an operation
base used for
special activities of the United States Central Intelligence
Oswald was recruited to be infiltrated as a spy in the
He arrived there on October 16, 1959 and stayed until June
On June 26, 1962, after his return to the United States,
by FBI agents John W. Fain and Thomas Carter to infiltrate
groups, especially the Young Socialist Alliance, the
and in the Communist Party newspaper The Worker, to give the
on the members of the Slavic immigrants' community at Fort
his wife Marina Prusakova, belonged.
In August, 1962, Oswald subscribed to The Worker, and
as a photographer. Around October and November of that
into contact with the Socialist Labor Party and subscribed
Workers' Party publication The Militant. During all
corresponded with those groups.
In April, 1963, he went to New Orleans to penetrate the
sympathized with the Cuban Revolution. During his stay
he set up a fake branch of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee
printed material in favor of the Cuban revolutionary process
On August 9, he got involved in a riot with Cuban counter
who were holding a meeting; this was filmed and shown on
Bringuier, a delegate of the counterrevolutionary
organization who was
with Oswald, stated that the latter tried to
group. The scheme continued and, less than two weeks
appeared on a radio program on Cuba. On August 21,
of the WDSU radio station, Oswald, said: "I am a
All these steps were directed toward creating an image of
Oswald a figure known as a fervent sympathizer of the Cuban
That would make it easy to relate him, at a given moment,
In August, 1963, Oswald began to make arrangements to go to
This was also part of the plan. The first arrangements
his wife Marina, the later ones he made himself. He
the Soviet Embassy in June that he wanted a separate visa
___(photograph of John F. Kennedy)
with caption: Another step towards completion of the
of Kennedy--a true copy of a letter (now in the hands of
through which an attempt was made to implicate Cuba in the
of the President of the United States
with caption: John F. Kennedy surrounded by leaders of
___document (letter to Lee Harvey Oswald from Jorge)
November 14, 1963
Lee Harvey Oswald
My friend Lee:
I am writing to you to ask how are you things in the
we have not to much to tell. I would like to tell you
that you talked to me last time we were in Mexico, would be
that would weak the political "fanfarron" of Kennedy, even
a lot of "prudencia"(care) because you know how are moving
friends that work for the CIA. Well, Lee, remember to
send me via
the thing that you told me and as soon
as________________________ go to
to see your
in relation to the
thing I hope everything will come out perfect.
Hugs and say Hi
Write me to the usual address. Margaret the blond from
is living with a rebel official that put an apartment for
send you the spanish books the next.
"Patria o Muerte"
We will conquer
"Viva la Revolucion"
"Abajo el imperialismo"
On September 25, according to the Warren Commission, he left
On the 27th an alleged Lee Harvey Oswald went to the Cuban
requested a visa to stay in Cuba for one or two weeks on
route to the
But the alleged Oswald could not obtain the visa to
so that part of the plan fell through. Otherwise, the
have had new arguments for the conspiracy against
2, he returned to Dallas and got a city job at the Texas
through Mrs. Ruth Paine, also linked to the CIA and at whose
On November 22 ( Oswald was arrested an charged with
Immediately, the great campaign to get Cuba involved in the
began to be orchestrated. The man who had killed
linked to Cuban revolutionaries; they had tried to build up
To prevent the truth from coming out, to prevent discovery
of the plot
framed against Cuba, they had to quickly eliminate Oswald,
naively believed that the masterminds in this crime would
and that he would have no problems.
There had to be two possibilities for eliminating Oswald in
one failed. On November 22, after the assassination of
obscure confrontation between policeman J.P. Tippit and
and Tippit was killed. This caused Oswald's arrest and
that he would meet newsmen, investigators and other people.
The tenebrous plot of the most reactionary forces in the
in jeopardy. If Oswald talked, all was lost.
be permitted to confess. On November 24, less than 48
arrest of the man who had supposedly killed Kennedy, Oswald
in the cellar of the police station, right before his
link in the chain became Jack Ruby, the owner of the
in Dallas, a man with Mafia connections. No one knows
how he got
to enter the police station.
The image fabricated for Oswald was weak and, despite the
the campaign to relate him with Cuba, the truth made way
right from the
and the scheme crumbled.
V.T. Lee, then President of the Fair Play for Cuba National
there was no branch of that organization in New Orleans and
no Lee Harvey Oswald that had belonged to the Committee.
The Communist Party of the United States has also said that
belonged to that organization.
When the Johnson administration created the Warren
the assassination of Kennedy in 1963, the CIA submitted a
that Oswald had visited the Cuban consulate in Mexico.
which was widely publicized, showed the alleged Oswald when
But the person in the photograph was not Oswald.
scandal, the CIA admitted this...but the whole affair has
This presented new contradictions, because the CIA had the
whether or not it was Oswald who went to the Cuban consulate
All that time the CIA had a secret espionage center set up
and keep constant surveillance over the persons who visited
and embassy in Mexico, to engage in electronic espionage and
bugging devices installed by the CIA in the Cuban
center was it 149-1 Francisco Marquez Street, Colonia
across the street from the Cuban embassy.
At the same address there was a point for liaison and
the surveillance team the CIA kept near the Cuban embassy
and the Cuban
to follow persons of interest and to establish a system to
The person in charge of this CIA center was Alberto Cesar
Gallego, of cuban origin, who pretended to be Colombian and
in Spain and works at the Berlitz Language School at 80 Jose
If those mechanisms existed, why does the photograph
submitted to the
Commission show someone else and not the real Oswald?
The CIA can
from its files the negatives of all the persons that visited
on September 27, 1963. Agent Rodriguez Gallego can
It can be added that in her statement before the Warren
Silvia Odio said that on September 26, 1963, Lee Harvey
Oswald an two
persons visited her house in New Orleans. This
results of the investigation which gave Oswald as traveling
by bus from
Orleans to Mexico City that day.
THE VERY SAME WHO PLOTTED AND CARRIED OUT KENNEDY'S
THE CAMPAIGN TO INVOLVE CUBA IN HIS DEATH AT DALLAS
Why was Mrs. Odio's statement ignored? The Warren
reported that the Nicaraguan Gilberto Alvarado Ugarte had
United States Embassy in Mexico that he had heard some
discussing the assassination of Kennedy and that they had
had received a sum of money from Cuba.
This information was given to the Chief of the CIA Station
in turn transmitted it to headquarters in the United
all a gross slander. Shortly after, the Warren
administration, decided it was a fabrication and rejected
But, who made up this preposterous lie? Silvia Duran,
of the Cuban consulate in Mexico City was arrested and they
her to sign a statement to back up Alvarado Ugarte's
to back that lie.
The campaign by Yankee imperialism to try to link Oswald to
scandalous and unprecedented levels in the world reactionary
The high point of the fabrication was British newspaper
published on July 15, 1967, in which he invents a statement
by Fidel Castro admitting that he knew Oswald was planning
Cuba's Commander in Chief never granted an interview to Mr.
who claims to be a journalist and, from the lies he tells,
serving the lowest interests.
In what proved to be a carefully planned campaign, the
joined the plot against Cuba; the news agencies of the
other Western centers launched a series of lies and
The latest proofs that there was a carefully prepared plot
in the assassination of Kennedy through Oswald, a CIA agent,
that pretend on the eve of the Dallas events; there these
gave him instructions on a future action in which he would
for which he would receive pay. These documents were
in Havana. Two of them got to the FBI files and were
The other letter was to be sent from Cuba; Cuban authorities
These letters were evidently forged, there is close relation
they are in consonance with the essence of the campaign to
the assassination of Kennedy and - had there not been
obstacles to the
that had Oswald as its main figure -they would surely have
role in creating a climate favorable for taking violent
the Cuban Revolution.
James D. Wilcott has said that several agents, including
the Oswald case. "One of CIA's plans for the Bay of
has said, "was to try in some way to make Castro believe
was coming from Guantanamo and have him counterattack.
probable that the original plan to assassinate Kennedy was
kill him and then be indicted. As he would be closely
there would be a pretext for another attempt at invading
___document (Consulate of Cuba, Mexico, D.F.)
with caption: The escalation to throw the blame on Cuba for
in 1963 continued. Oswald asked for a visa to travel
___document (Consul of Cuba in Mexico)
with caption: On October 15th, 1961, the Cuban foreign
Lee Harvey Oswald's request for a visa.
The Warren Commission finished its work in 1964 with an
a "single killer" but it could not or would not face the
political and intelligence interests in the United States
did not clarify any alleged Cuban participation in the
It is significant that the CIA and the FBI immediately
conclusion that Oswald was the only killer. As a
public pressure--which led to the appointment of the Senate
to Study government Operations with respect to Intelligence
Kennedy case was reopened in the United States and the
in Congress for the first time.
In its report of April 14, 1976, the above mentioned
basically on reviewing statements intended to relate Cuba
crime, a number of contradictions and distortions in the
Among other things, it points out that the Warren Commission
all the information necessary for its report and that the
CIA and the
concealed some things from the members of the
Commission. It also
that the US intelligence bodies did not fulfill their
the causes of the assassination.
In its report, the Committee states that "after President
the inquiries in the FBI and the CIA files proved that Lee
was no stranger to the intelligence bodies."
Why hasn't the CIA admitted that Lee Harvey Oswald worked
Intelligence Agency from 1957-58 on? Why hasn't the
Oswald carried out missions against USSR?
When they were unable to attain their goal on the basis of
evidence on the Cuban participation in the Kennedy
culprits tried to keep the image and the suspicion of such
Once the maneuver of trying to show Oswald as someone close
to Cuba was
by the truth and the weakness of the campaign, new elements
each time the Kennedy case was investigated in the United
elements were subtly expressed, tending to confuse and to
that the Cuban Revolution had something to do with the
the aim has been to leave matters obscure and to thus
influence the US
They have even intended to establish links between the Cuban
the Mafia, which was deeply involved in the assassination of
Such gross lies crumble at the slightest analysis. The
open enemy of the Cuban Revolution. The Cuban
from its very beginning, attacked the interests the Mafia
had in Cuba
connivance with the Batista tyranny. Men from
have been used by the CIA in their attempts to kill Fidel
Following the line of subtly instilling doubt and confusion,
of the Kennedy assassination by the US Senate Select
inserts, among numerous FBI documents, the alleged existence
who crossed the border from Texas to Mexico on November 23,
a regular Cubana de Aviacion flight to Havana on November
told the Committee that person lives in Cuba. Although
it is not
as an accusation, the assertion is plainly
diversionist. It is
that the FBI gave all the details of the "mysterious" trip
Cuban-American without revealing the name of the "suspect."
Another CIA scheme tending to confuse and encourage
speculation on the
Revolution's alleged implication and reprisal against
Kennedy, is the
of statement made by high-level CIA officials- -and
Select Committee--on the possibility that someone working in
CIA in a plot to assassinate Fidel Castro might be a "double
The US Senate Select Committee's Report 94-755 of April,
1976, and the
referring to plans to assassinate political leaders of other
in November 1975, refer to the above-mentioned CIA agent in
Cuba by the
Further investigations by Cuban State Security reveal that
to in Committee documents and investigations is no other
Secades, tried in Havana in Cause 108, 1966 and condemned to
for his participation in a CIA plot to assassinate Fidel
AM/LASH was a confessed CIA agent. The subtle scheme
that he was a "double agent" and therefore a source of
Cuban Revolution is a new element fabricated by the CIA to
and create confusion and doubt. But the CIA falls into
The CIA has had to publicly admits its relation with
did not inform the Warren Commission, in 1964, of the
AM/LASH. No link was established then between their
agent and the
assassination. Officials high in the CIA at that time
the Select Committee that there is no evidence of any
AM/LASH and the Kennedy assassination.
It must be borne in mind that the President of the United
in 1963 and that, four years later, the CIA came up
links between the Dallas crime and a CIA assassination
Operation AM/LASH is, in any case, one more evidence of the
of the CIA; of how the CIA deceived Congress and even high
If he had any relation with the assassination of Kennedy, it
is for the
to explain. There are very obscure matters in this
yet not been made clear.
The Senate Select Committee report states that, on October
in Paris with Desmond Fitzgerald, Chief of the SAS (then the
of Operations Against Cuba) in the CIA.
was never mentioned by the CIA until November 22, 1963, the
Kennedy was killed. That day, when the Dallas crime
CIA officer working with AM/LASH told him that he must
the operation and the contact was also temporarily called
the CIA can explain this strange coincidence.
In 1964 the CIA again established contact with AM/LASH
Manuel Artime Buesa, with a cover as head of a
The CIA gave Artime the silencer to be used in the operation
Castro's life. The CIA can explain why, after 1964,
AM/LASH to discuss the operation were established by agent
to the code in the Senate Select Committee report).
The subtle maneuver to make AM/LASH appear as a "double
that the revolutionary government would know, through that
plans of the CIA against Commander in Chief Fidel Castro and
Revolution in reprisal decided to assassinate Kennedy, is
part of the
to maintain the image of Cuba's possible implication in the
"LEE HARVEY OSWALD WAS A CIA AGENT FROM THE LATE 1950"
The facts have proved that the shameless imperialist
against an unquestionable truth: the clear conduct of
government of Cuba and of its main leaders, based on deep
and consistently and systematically expressed in its foreign
policy for almost twenty years.
It is also clear to any honest person that the real culprits
concealed for fear of the political repercussions if it were
where the plan to assassinate Kennedy originated, who
plotted it and
it through . If all this were exposed, the powerful US
represent a threat to world peace would be seriously
with caption: Photographs of the supposed Oswald which
Warren Commission Report, taken by a CIA spy center.
It is not by change that, since the tragic events of
November 22, 1963,
100 persons that in one way or another had some relation
of Kennedy have died in obscure circumstances.
To assassinate the President of the United States, to
an extraordinarily broad campaign with the initial purpose
a pretext, that would make it possible to take measures to
first and only bulwark of socialism in America, to kill
persons linked to the Dallas crime, to prevent the various
carried out in the United States from reaching their logical
can only be managed by sectors with great power in the
This is crystal clear.
These forces want to make sure that the crime remains
there are honest voices in the United States that fight so
are not called off, to clarify everything about the Dallas
chain of killings that followed it. Shocked at the
of that society the US public demands that the matter be
And together with them stand the peace-loving peoples and
--for basic moral and political principles-- cannot accept
assassination as an alternative in today's world.
there is Cuba, which for many years has had to fight the
plots of the
Central Intelligence Agency against the life of the
leaders and that is outraged at the attempts powerful US
Cuba in the Dallas crime.
The web in this conspiracy must be untangled, we must demand
intelligence services reveal the details of the Kennedy
the obscure points in the investigations must be made clear,
must be exposed...It will then be evident that the same
financed and ordered the assassination of the US President
instigators and masterminds of the shameless campaign to try
Cuban Revolution in the Dallas crime; they are those who
pay, order an
the lies and slanders they have tried to use to spread doubt
THE "ZORRO" CASE
"Even after the United States Senate investigated and
the countless CIA plots to assassinate leaders of the Cuban
its dedication to that end for a number of years, the United
has given the Cuban government no explanation of those
events nor has
in any way apologized."
"We suspect that the United States government has not given
On October 9, only three days after the criminal sabotage in
message sent by the CIA to an agent in Havana was
message, transmitted from the CIA's central headquarters in
says in part: Please inform at earliest opportunity
Fidel's attendance at the ceremony for the first anniversary
independence, November 11. If he's going, try to g et
for Fidel's visit to other countries on the same trip.
"Another order, dated earlier, says: What is the
reaction concerning bomb attacks against Cuban offices
are they going to do to avoid them and prevent them?
Whom do they
is responsible? Will there be reprisals?
"We hope the United States government does not dare deny the
instructions from the CIA's main offices, and many others
sent to the
person, in flagrant acts of espionage. We have the
and every proof of authenticity for these messages. In
case, the presumed agent recruited by the CIA has kept the
informed from the very beginning and for ten years of all
contact he had with it, the equipment and instructions he
The CIA thought the agent had succeeded in placing a modern
given to him for that purpose in no less a place than the
Osmani Cienfuegos, Secretary of the Executive Committee of
Ministers. Hence the CIA's certainly in assuming it
in plenty of time, the pertinent information on any trip
abroad made by
Cuban Prime Minister.
"Those who believe the CIA has changed one iota because of
its hair-raising actions have caused within United States
are deeply mistaken. Its methods will simply become
"Why did the CIA want to know the exact itinerary of the
possible trip to Angola and other African countries in honor
11? Why did it want to know what measures would
be taken to
and prevent terrorist acts?"
These sensational disclosures made by Commander in Chief
October 15, 1976, during the memorial meeting for the
victims of the
de Aviacion plane destroyed in flight, meant sacrificing a
of information for the revolutionary state; but due to its
the light it shed on the CIA's attitude and activities, the
of the revelation was weighed.
Nearly a million persons, gathered in Revolution Square,
details of the CIA's direct participation in the criminal
plane at Barbados and learned about the alleged enemy agent.
The US government, of course, couldn't deny the accuracy of
disclosures. Once again the CIA was exposed to world
But who was the alleged CIA agent Fidel mentioned? How
the United States' Central Intelligence Agency? Was he
agent? What was his purpose in joining the CIA?
When did he
so? What tasks did the sinister US intelligence agency
For the first time since Fidel Castro made those important
story is told, in all its details.
Like all our Cuban State Security men, Nicolas Sirgado Ros
is a simple
calm person. You would find it hard to believe that he
CIA agent mentioned by the leader of the Cuban Revolution on
This officer of Cuba's Security organization, infiltrated in
the United States Central Intelligence Agency for ten years,
government minutely informed about CIA and US governmental
concerning Cuba, its Revolution and its leaders.
In this interview with the Cuban press, Sirgado Ros explains
and the world, the background and most important aspects of
and anonymous work he did for a decade.
When and how did your work for Cuban State Security begin,
and how were
able to infiltrate the CIA?
I started working with the state security bodies at the
Revolution. It was my task during that period to
organizations and individuals that have since left the
In 1962, while I was carrying out these tasks, I was or
infiltrating the Central Intelligence Agency itself because
Security already knew about CIA plots to assassinate the
It was necessary to know what the enemy would do at that
counterrevolutionary organizations that might ultimately be
but the CIA itself, from within that main center of
direction of all
infamous "dirty tricks"...how, who, what and when had to be
respect to the plot to assassinate Fidel. And that
of my mission from the end of 1962 on. The actual
the CIA was achieved at the end of 1966, after years of
work, as you can understand.
When the CIA recruited me in London in 1966, my cover work
in Cuba was
general director of supplies for the Ministry of
Construction headed at
time by Comrade Osmani Cienfuegos.
So the question of infiltrating the CIA was a meticulous,
concept right from the beginning, based on known information
for aggression against our country and concrete CIA plots to
Commander in Chief Fidel Castro and, of course, on the Cuban
need to protect the people, their leaders and socialism
How were you recruited in London?
While I was on a trip to London for the Ministry of
Construction at the
of 1966, I received a call from the alleged executive of a
we traded with asking for an interview with me to discuss
The interview took place in a London hotel. A
himself Harold Bensen met me, said he was passing through
he was an Army Colonel who was in the CIA. Shortly
began, he showed me a photo of my children, to prove that he
with individuals I knew who were connected with
We had a long conversation and he openly and specifically
asked me to
with the CIA in the work it was doing against the
me a salary to be paid in dollars and deposited in a
the Chase Manhattan Bank in New York. He also assured
a reasonable period of working for the CIA, I would have
move to the United States.
Several others interviews followed this first one in
to outlining the intelligence interests they wanted me to
work for them, these interviews were used to train me in
and techniques of espionage work.
with caption: "Frank arrived and said a summary of the
I had sent him would go straight to Kissinger's desk".
___(Photograph) Nicolas Sirgado Ros
Can you elaborate on the training you got from the CIA?
First they trained me in secret writing, a method the
considered to be safer than radio transmissions. That
the use of a white paper, similar to a sheet of regular
treated. It acts like carbon paper in the sense that
letters written on it. The techniques involves writing
such as you might send to a friend or relative, as what they
text. On top of that letter or open text, you write
using the chemically treated paper I mentioned. This
course, invisible. It can only be read when developed
that are used for this type of paper.
During these training sessions, I was given instructions in
how to use
camera to photograph documents, maps, plans and places and
might be of interest to the CIA because of the installations
The training included preparing microfilm to send these
much more advanced photographic espionage method known as
the photo is reduced to almost nothing so it can be hidden
of an i in the text of a letter or post card sent through
or in any king of technical publications that might easily
be sent from
I also received training in radio reception, in order to be
and decode messages. In the first stage, music that
with the agent was used to identify the real message.
I remember the song was, "You are Always in My Heart."
no real message, they immediately played "Pomp and
That training continued throughout the years in various
officials and I also given instructions in other more
I was taught how to collect information, how to provide the
of the leaders of the Revolution, surveillance and
Did they ever use a lie detector on you?
Yes, they used a lot of security measures. They used
three times. Sometimes there were lie detector
sessions that were
than two and a half hours long.
Clearly, the CIA's aim in using this method is not so much
to find out
or not you're lying as to break you down, humiliate you,
mind. Whether or not it's effective, the method really
and denigrate. It's a reflection of this espionage
upon mistrust and of the lack of moral values to support its
They offered me a salary to be paid in dollars and deposited
I passed every test. Instead of humiliating me they
in increasing my scorn for their methods.
They also used surveillance techniques in my hotel rooms
surveillance that we easily detected, and some other
measures as well.
I believe that both my training and the fact that I
surveillance--thus destroying the CIA's "super-
and protect the CIA infiltration for ten years, at the same
strengthened their confidence in the alleged agent.
What intelligence interests did the CIA raise with you?
The enemy always proposed concrete tasks in terms of its
Because of the importance the enemy attached to it, my task
to Commander in Chief Fidel Castro can be considered of
The CIA was interested in all the particulars concerning the
of our Party: his health and the doctors responsible
for it, his
of mind, the moves he made and the routes he took, what
have, where and when he might be traveling, etc. The
was made clear in the last message from the CIA read by
Square on October 15, 1976.
Enemy intelligence interests included constant requests for
revolutionary leaders, particularly those I had access to,
Osmani Cienfuegos. There were also frequent requests
about Dorticos, Almeida, Hart, Carlos Rafael, Montane and a
of comrades who are leaders of our Revolution. There
in Comrade Osmani Cienfuegos, because of his
of the Executive Committee of the Council of Ministers and,
inside knowledge of important government questions.
Such was the
that, on one occasion Mike Ackerman, a US CIA officer I
for, told me that if I managed to get closer to Osmani
a pay raise that would accordingly swell the bank account
the CIA had
for me abroad.
Another highly important intelligence interest involved
relation with Central American, South American and Caribbean
They were very concerned with what they called "exporting
and sought, by every means possible, to prove that Cubans
promote subversion in this continent. They asked about
opinion among revolutionary leaders concerning other heads
in Latin America and the Caribbean. I remember when
visit to Cuba was announced that they wanted to find out
of the Revolution thought about him
CIA intelligence interests with regard to Latin America and
have been extremely diverse during these ten years.
The CIA is doing everything possible to eliminate Cuba's
the Movement of Non-aligned Countries
For instance, they showed special interest in the Chilean
links with Allende, aid to Chilean refugees; and they wanted
it was possible to determine or at least assume that Chilean
being trained for infiltration into Chile.
They also asked for economic information. For
what agreements, what relationships had been established or
planned for the future. I remember that when the Latin
System (SELA) and the Caribbean Multinational Shipping
were set up they were constantly inquiring about the role of
During a 1976 work session with a number of CIA officers, I
my duties as a Cuban government official would probably take
me to a
of Latin-American and Caribbean countries. They
assured me that
no problem, that the CIA would help me during the trip,
since it had
in some of those countries that could maintain contact with
Evidently, Latin America has always been high on the enemy's
priorities and they hoped to use me in that work. They
in our role in Africa, particularly in the internationalist
been given to Angola, and in Cuba's participation in the
Countries, and what kinds of secret agreements, if any, Cuba
that body. Without the slightest respect, these
to the "subversive" nature of this organization. They
interest in Cuba's relations with the African countries
members of the
within the framework of the Movement of Non- Aligned
wanted information on bilateral and other agreements, and
assistance the Cuban government might be offering. As
and 1970, the CIA asked its alleged agent for first-hand
they said would be used to formulate a US policy on Africa
any revolutionary or even progressive movement.
They were also interested in knowing whether some leaders or
were attracted to the political line followed by the ruling
From the continuous interest the CIA showed in this matter
beginning of the decade it is clear that, even then, they
play Peking Off against socialism, the Soviet Union, our
such African countries as Angola and Ethiopia that have
They have shown a similar interest in obtaining information
affairs: development, domestic policy, social
They constantly asked for data on economic plans, short and
agreements, participation in the CMEA and a number of
They were particularly interested in information about both
that could be obtained on those two items. The area
in the sugar-cane industry and agriculture, total volume of
of exports, sugar prices subject to specific agreements...I
well that Mike, the CIA officer I mentioned before, once
said that the
government had to exert its influence on the sugar market,
drop. Realizing the importance of sugar in our
a price decrease would be another blow to the Cuban
to Mike this was another form of fighting communism,
There were constantly all kinds of questions about nickel:
organizational measures, investments aimed at increasing
markets, concrete projects for the mining area of northern
many different aspects.
There was persistent interest in the organization of the
Party, the process and development of the Party Congress,
opinions on the feasibility of the agreements being
fulfilled and other
They asked for details on state organization, the process of
the creation of enterprises, the new system of economic
of People's Power, elections...
From the time I was recruited in London up to end of 1976,
persistent interest in obtaining military information,
When Fidel unveiled your work as an alleged CIA agent, he
the task the US intelligence services had given you to place
in Comrade Osmani Cienfuegos' office. Could you
explain in detail
that mission was accomplished?
It was clearly in the 1974, in Italy during a CAI work
session, that I
assigned the task of installing a highly sophisticated
Comrade Osmani Cienfuegos' office. I was told how
that mission was for the US government, the CIA, especially
for the CIA
working with me at that time: in short, that this
mission was of
significance for the organization and direction of US policy
with caption: Mr. Allan G. Morrill Jr.
My instructions were simply to check out Osmani Cienfuegos'
to decide where I thought this microtransmitter should be
After my return to Cuba, we made a careful study of the
offices were located and of the surrounding buildings,
of height and existing equipment in the neighborhood that
with the microtransmitter broadcast. We made draft
furniture in Comrade Osmani's office, and provided a
description of the
it was made of and the color...: an exact
microlocation of the
with each door and window indicated and, of course, also the
recommended installing the microtransmitter, and the
direction in which
should be oriented.
I remember that it was also necessary to draw a smell-scale
map of the
around Comrade Osmani's office indicating the streets,
government buildings. Above all, the CIA asked me to
embassies were located near where the microtransmitter would
After all these drafts and plans had been drawn up in Cuba,
CIA specifics, I handed them over to US Central Intelligence
Later, at a meeting with some of the CIA officers I had been
for several years, I was introduced to one named Dick who
assigned to this mission to build the
microtransmitter. It was
who directed all the training I was given at that time in
how to use.
later install the microtransmitter in Comrade Osmani's
Dick remained with me and other CIA officers until he
thought I was
to undertake the mission. I remember that when we were
of the details of the operation I told Dick -on purpose-
that I could
enter Cuba with that equipment and that I also thought it
hard for them to get it to me in Havana. Then Dick
arrogant I'll never forget it: He said, "Don't
CIA we have a slogan: the difficult we do right away;
takes a little longer!" They couldn't imagine how that
He shoed me a rock in which the microtransmitter would be
hidden to be
to me in Cuba, and told me they'd let me know by radio
exactly where it
with caption: A CIA officer, Allan G. Morrill, Jr.,
Shortly after my return to Havana following that meeting
with the CIA
I received a message containing a detailed description of
where the rock containing the microtransmitter had been
instructions to go to Cacahual, outside Havana, where it had
I was to pick it up as soon as possible and set it up in
office, as planned.
Did you make any late trips abroad that allowed you to make
In 1976 I had one final meeting with the CIA officers I had
with during my ten years of work in the Central Intelligence
That was when I was introduced another Army Colonel Frank, a
who, I was told had come from Washington especially for this
Colonel Frank is a Chicano who lost his right eye --as he
you-- in the US war against the Vietnamese people. He
not to call him Colonel Frank, that he preferred to be
or Pancho since he was Latin too.
When he began to talk, the other officers kept quiet.
He stood up
in a very conceited manner, explained that he had come to
meet me and
congratulate me. He conveyed the compliments of CIA
Virginia for the work I had done and the risks I had taken
years and, above all, for the contribution I had made to
"free world". He also brought a personal letter from
congratulating me for my ten years of work on behalf of the
Kissinger's letter said that, in his opinion, the
information that had
provided to the United States for its policy against our
against other countries, had been very valuable.
After delivering Kissinger's message, Colonel Frank ordered
opened and ceremoniously offered toasts to the success that
and the future of our work. In that atmosphere of
presented me with a box containing a Rolex watch which he
said was a
gift from Henry Kissinger and the CIA leadership for the
work I had
over so many years.
Was the equipment actually used for broadcasts to the CIA?
I shouldn't reveal details about technical matters that
might show our
I can tell you that shortly after I informed the enemy that
was installed, I made a final trip abroad, which was when
the CIA officers and the interview with Colonel Frank took
place and I
congratulated for my work and presented with a watch from
That makes it perfectly clear that what our Cuban State
and carried out was just what was needed to pull the rug out
US intelligence services.
Did the microtransmitter require some auxiliary equipment in
My mission for the CIA consisted in making the studies I
the spot where the microtransmitter was to be installed and,
Since they never told me, I don't know whether the
required some kind of auxiliary equipment to activate it.
However, the messages could be picked up by equipment other
apparatus, but they couldn't be understood because they were
required a special device to received it, reconvert it and
message, as I explained earlier.
How was the equipment run?
The equipment was turned on and off by remote control from
What kind of technical equipment did the CIA give you during
to carry out your alleged espionage work against Cuba?
At first they gave a machine that was used at that time to
from the CIA center and decode them later. Once they
gave me some
loud speakers that are used with record players or
recorders, in which
had hidden Cuban money that I was to use in my espionage
They provided me with a microscope built by the CIA's
department to read the microdots the Agency might decide to
also gave me a high-frequency radio-recorder with four bands
on which I
receive and record messages simultaneously.
Earlier I explained that I was trained in photography.
me an Asahi Pentax camera with all attachments and some
apparently ordinary film that can be purchased anywhere
only the first part of the roll was regular film, in order
to hide what
which was a special microdot microfilm worked up by
During the meetings with CIA officers abroad, they gave me
which to decipher the messages they sent.
The first time, in London, they gave me a Grundig
made in the RFA with several bands. I used this
equipment at the
to receive radio messages.
And as I said, they also sent me the sophisticated
that was placed in Comrade Osmani Cienfuegos' offices.
This apparatus included long-lasting remote control
and the broadcasting mechanism set up to mix signals that is
conversation, mix it and send it in such a way that it was
for any radio listener who might be turned into that band to
transmission. They called this method
scrambling. When the
was received on the CIA monitoring equipment, it reconverted
by unscrambling it.
Does the fact that certain equipment, such as the
has been smuggled into Cuba in special devices and placed in
by third persons mean that there are other CIA agents in
TO TAKE A STAND AGAINST THE CIA IS TO OPPOSE CRIME,
It's very hard to imagine that a clandestine agent could be
king of an operation in Cuba. It would have to be
either an agent
in specifically for such an operation or a foreign
in our country.
HOW MANY CIA OFFICERS DID YOU HAVE CONTACT WITH DURING THE
I worked with some 13 CIA officers, all US citizens, while I
in the Agency. Sometimes the relationship was quite
less so --as in the case of Colonel Frank, apparently an
at that time. Other officers would see me directly and
Some limited their relationship to training and technical
The CIA officer I worked longest with and with whom I
relationship was Mike Ackerman, a US citizen of
ambitious, very reactionary, with Zionist tendencies, and an
measures. He was openly anti-Cuban and had very close
revolutionaries in Miami.
Mike Ackerman was a CIA lieutenant colonel when we worked
out missions against the Soviet Union, against countries in
and, especially, against Cuba. Now, he has apparently
from the CIA. Toward the end, he was dabbling in US
in US colleges and universities, which we all know are
sources; so we assume from this that he still maintains his
Central Intelligence Agency.
I also knew a CIA lieutenant colonel who called himself
for Mike when the latter, apparently, left the Agency.
crafty fellow, very revolting, who openly hated the Cuban
our people. He was a specialist in Latin- American
My work in the CIA was also linked to Allan G. Morrill, Jr.,
one of the
of the Agency's center in Spain. This gentleman, known
on Cuba, was born on January 2, 1930, and speaks
Spanish. We know
went to work for the State Department in 1966, was sent to
with an R-5 rating (one of the classifications for US
and, in November of that year, he became a political officer
In May, 1971 he was promoted to R-4 rank and returned to the
CIA in the
States. In December, 1973, he was sent to Spain, where
till late 1976. It was he who promoted and organized
had there with CIA officers.
During all these years, Allan Morrill has used his State
for implementing his action against Cuba. In Spain,
the anti-Cuba section of the CIA Station.
Francis Sherry III and Joseph Said Cybulski were among
Sherry, who was born on May 7, 1927, speaks both French and
earlier worked for the FBI. He was an economic officer
1953 and 1960 when he became US Vice Council in the city
that now bears
name of the beloved Ho Chi Minh. He worked in the US
in Mexico in 1966, in France in 1969, in Spain as attache to
Section from 1973 to 1976; and from 1966 to 1976 he carried
work against Cuba.
We learned that Cybulski was in Madrid in 1961; in Mexico,
Spain between 1962 and 1974; he worked in the Spanish
and 1977, supposedly for the Salisport firm, on Lopez de
Cybulski last address in Madrid was 51, Avenida
Generalisimo; his phone
These, as we have said, are the most noteworthy.
What guarantee did the CIA offer you in case you were
detected by the
State Security Department?
The CIA offered me no guarantee and I believe it is unable
to do so in
case. They trained me in certain self-protection
that there was no guarantee whatsoever.
At one point you said Mr. Henry Kissinger sent a letter
indicating that the information you had provided would serve
anti Cuban policy...
Not only the supposedly true information I provided, but, in
information gathered by US intelligence is used by
imperialism to work
its aggressive line against Cuba and other socialist
against the progressive countries of the Non-Aligned
However, in the case of the information I provided to the
done according to a perfectly worked out plan based on the
the CIA and serve our own infiltration work as well.
But in every
the information provided served the interests of the
Revolution and the
of Latin America and the world.
Frank even went so far as to tell me that the synopsis of
I sent went straight to Kissinger's desk. This is
explained by a
of coincidental circumstances in 1975 and 1976: Cuba's
help to Angola, the possibility of Fidel's trip to Africa,
All were matters of the highest interest to Kissinger, who
was, at the
Secretary of State, presidential adviser on national
of the Forty Committee and head of the whole intelligence
Within the strategy drawn up by Cuban counter-intelligence,
significance of the last message you sent to the CIA?
Late in 1976, terrorist activity from abroad --led and
CIA-- had increased against our country. The CORU
group had been formed. There was an attempt to blow up
in Jamaica, pirate attacks, bombings against Cubana de
Colombia and Panama, against the Cuban diplomatic
and the Cuban consulate in Mexico, the assassination of a
fishing industry, in Merida, and the attempt to kidnap the
the kidnaping of two Cuban comrades in Argentina, who were
In the United States, a traditionally difficult stage was
coming to a
the end of one presidential period and the beginning of
Thus, when the last message arrived (precisely three days
sabotage of a Cuban civilian plane in Barbados causing the
death of 73
--Cubans, Guyanese and Koreans-- there was a clear
indication that a
plot was being hatched to assassinate the Commander in
was corroborated by the next of the message itself.
would visit Angola on November 11, so they asked for data in
In that context, in the midst of the criminal offensive
was behind that request? What was the CIA's interest
the exact itinerary of Fidel's alleged trip?
The revelations made by Fidel to the Cuban people and world
were a solid denunciation of the CIA's activities; they
of US intelligence and enabled the fulfillment of very
How do you feel after having infiltrated the CIA for ten
I feel really satisfied to have carried out such a mission
But we don't work for glory. None of us is an
just try to defend our homeland. While I felt honored
beloved Commander in Chief himself mention the case
understand that it is essentially due to the circumstances
revelation advisable. I think especially of the
who day by day carry out production feats, of the workers
militia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces, the
those that constitute the unconquerable bulwark of the
With or without CIA penetration, they are the ones who have
or will make the imperialist enemy bite the dust.. I think
of the Ministry of the Interior, the comrades who have done
I have been able to do, men who have even fallen in the line
whose names, for reasons of security, cannot even be made
public yet; I
of the comrades who are carrying out their work in the midst
itself, under the most difficult condition, and are
serving in this anonymous task of defending our
people. I always
of that and of the modesty, the sense of doing our duty with
is a condition in the training of the men in Security.
This interview will be made public at the 11th World
Festival of Youth
Students. Do you wish to add anything to the youth of
will meet in Havana?
with caption: Equipment and money remitted from the
its supposed agent. Also seen is a watch given by
recognition of ten years "valuable work".
Yes, something which is very important. Certain CIA
the belief --and have already sketched it out as a
philosophy-- that it
necessary to stress the work of penetrating the youth.
of the fact that every young person is a potential
therefore be detoured from youth's rightful path; and,
today's youth is tomorrow's man, tomorrow's technician,
The enemy's work methods have shifted. More subtle
introduced: diversionism, espionage, corruption,
Part of the imperialist enemy's main effort is directed
Every young person should be on the alert against this and
solid moral and revolutionary barrier against which all the
CIA and its western homologue will be smashed.
To be against the CIA is to oppose crime, moral corruption,
is to struggle against the lack of decency and the absence
INFILTRATED IN MIAMI
The boat cut through the Straits of Florida toward
Cuba. On board
five members of ALPHA-66, a counterrevolutionary
organization, who were
fulfill a crucial mission: infiltrating two agents
whose task was
kill Commander in Chief, Fidel Castro. Hours later,
a mechanical failure frustrated the landing attempt.
saved the two terrorists from being captured in Cuba
a reception committee, Coast Guard troops ready for combat
them. Many thought that the Hope was carrying seven
Really, there were only six. The seventh, the head of
operation, was a revolutionary -- Jose Gregorio Fernandez
seven years in the counter- revolutionary organization in
From 1969 to 1976 Fernandez Santos carried out a thorough
activities directed against the Cuban Revolution, right in
the bosom of
insidious exile groups located in Miami, many of which had
the CIA and operated with impunity from US territory.
Fernandez Santos kept close ties with the main
and became captain in charge of the ALPHA-66 "Navy", until
Thanks to the patient work of the Cuban forces, much as
to Fernandez Santos' departure for Miami, and many of his
Cuba were also facilitated. The sensational account of
activities, backed up by documentary and photographic
new information as to how numerous groups and bands of Cuban
instruments of the Agency that zealously tries to
destabilize the Cuban
with its systematic campaign of aggression against our
"Ever since I arrived in Miami, after secretly leaving Cuba,
my aim was
work among the CIA agents who formed part of the operation
country and had been working directly in numerous
in some cases using other groups as covers for carrying out
"Besides my supposed counterrevolutionary militancy, my
and knowledge of the waters around Cuba helped me to
first, the fact that I had a photo studio and a boat, both
of which I
supposedly contributing to the activities against Cuba,
way I was directly recruited by Andres Nazario Sargent, head
and trained in the Everglades, near Miami, with weapons used
by the US
and with the implicit consent of the Florida authorities,
who knew the
and objective of our activities.
"Soon after, I learned through CIA agent Juan B. Marquez
many supposed fishing boats that sailed the Miami river were
to spy on Cuban fishing vessels in the waters near the
"Marquez, who headed a group made up of Juan Manuel Perdomo,
(Skinny); Nelson Lopez, alias El Nino (Kid); Jesus Torres
Gonzalez Martin, told me of his participation in an
during which the Team, headed by counterrevolutionary
to infiltrate. In April, 1970, that team was captured
"Marquez himself told me how 11 Cuban fishermen were
kidnaped in May,
and were then abandoned on a key south of Andros
smacked of being a CIA operation, since it was attributed to
that organization hadn't really hatched it.
Furthermore, the fact
the second-in-charge of this operation, Ramon Orozco Crespo,
agent and not a member of any of the counterrevolutionary
serves to bolster this theory.
"I found out that Francisco Guzman Pastrana, another
links who belonged to the so-called Torriente Plan, was
instructions from Angel Moises Hernandez Rojo, the chief
by the CIA to coordinate the individuals that the Agency
kept active in
Miami area. Hernandez Rojo had been recruited in 1959
in the US
he was sent to study by tyrant Batista's Navy. He held
a top post
the YMCA, a social and athletic organization, that he used
to cover up
directorship of operations in which his principal men in
He was in charge of supervising the delivery of combat
equipment to the
Plan for its attack against Cuba, and he participated in the
of the Boca Sama attack, staged on October 12, 1971.
"In order to carry out this cowardly aggression that killed
four --among them two young girls, Angela and Nancy Pavon--
supplied the military task force of the Torriente Plan
weapons and two boats equipped with artillery and radar that
at a dock used by the CIA, at SW 12th Street, Miami,
also had use a port in Haiti and a boat belonging to the
Babun brothers which was used as the mother ship.
interesting story surrounding these boats. An
individual known as
who owned a repair shop on 34th Street and 7th Avenue SW and
skills were often used, told me that he had helped to finish
boats, and that they had been tested in combat in a fishing
African country. This provide further proof that these
boats, came from the CIA.
"About the Torriente Plan, which boasted a highly touted
emigres of all sorts in Florida, I learned, through Guzman
that Jose E. de la Torriente was a fictitious character
by the CIA in order to divert the Cuban people's attention
they had been investing in the 1970 sugar harvest."
"By widening my contacts I met Juan Gonzalez, head of the
Liberation Front of Cuba (FLNC), a band that carried on a
activity against interests, its offices abroad and against
its offices abroad, and against Cuban fishing vessels in
Among the most notorious terrorist operations of the FLNC
of a fishing boat and the murder of one of its crew, Robert
above- mentioned and well-known Ramon Orozco Crespo, who
acted as the
of the operation. The counterrevolutionary Gonzalez
fired the automatic rifle on the defenseless Tornes when the
that he was a Communist.
with caption: Jose Gregorio Fernandez Santos who,
tunning, knew the inside of the count-revolutionary groups
based in Miami and their dependence on the CIA. He is
with Nazario Sargent.
with caption: The counter-revolutionary Luis Lovaina
was one of
many who took part in the lucrative business of hiring wigs
this photo outside Miami. Later, he showed it as proof
Stay" in Cuba as a fighter for the freedom of Cuba.
"Juan Gonzalez maintained close ties with members of the
Junta and especially with Julio Solorzano Gicelure, an
official of the
(the Chilean Intelligence Agency). Solorzano request
counterrevolutionary groups for the Chilean Junta in
them with materials for terrorist activities against
Miami, Solorzano lived in Gonzalez own home. I myself
in two meetings with this individual, representing the
of which I was one of the leaders. I also had two
with Solorzano, and came to know that his father, whose name
was colonel and a top official of the DINA.
"It is publicly known that the FLNC is one of the terrorist
formed the so-called United Revolutionary Organizations
by the notorious terrorist Orlando Bosch Avila, who is now
in jail in
for his participation in the plot that blew up the Cubana
"In mid-- 1974 the counter revolutionaries Luis Lobaina,
(a resident of 30 NE and 1st Avenue), and Jose Amparo Ortega
The latter was known to have ties with the CIA and had
area of Baracoa in an unsuccessful attempt to spark peasant
He used the Naval Base at Guantanamo as his escape route
These two, unconnected with Alpha-66, arranged with its
Sargent, to use the organization's name the support of some
to infiltrate Lobaina and Marquez through northern Oriente,
to assassinate our Commander in Chief, Fidel Castro.
with caption: Jose Gregorio Fernandez Santos and the
Hugo Gascon and Ramon Cala during training in Florida.
"Ortega had the use of M-16 rifles, a 28 foot speedboat
FL. 9104FS) maps of the area, and information on maritime
Oriente province for the operations. Since at that
time I was
of what they called Alpha-66 "Navy," the chiefs of the
me to direct the infiltration operation as captain of the
"An engine failure caused the boat to hit land at Great
Inagua, in the
where the authorities searched the boat and confiscated the
Of course, once in jail, Lobaina and Marquez bemoaned their
bad luck at
been captured and thus prevented from fulfilling their
I though they had been very lucky because they would have
our Coast Guard in Cuba.
"Back in Miami, where we were secretly taken, we were met at
by John F. Butcher, an FBI officer who, far from harassing
us for our activities, told us that we would not be brought
gave us new "parolee" cards (a document that is given to
identification papers), just as if we had arrived for the
first time is
"These events took place in October, 1974, and in the
Sargent pushed the idea of using a secret farm in Mexico to
training to some of the members of the organization.
was in part due to my negative reaction to the proposal,
since it was
objective to remain infiltrated in the Alpha nucleus located
especially to keep an eye on Nazario Sargent.
"In April of the following year, when the arrest at Great
practically forgotten, a strange and unusual piece of news
the capture of six Cuban emigre's who were trying to
Immediately, the FBI came to me house in order to take
to be charged with the rest of those involved. Nazario
of this strange occurrence to insist that I be taken to
Mexico to avoid
sent to jail. He then gave me the necessary contacts
to make in
"I lived in Mexico for some time, keeping in touch with
counterrevolutionary groups located in Miami. Nazario
me to seek the support of Patricio Sanchez, the Alpha- 66
in Mexico. I also had long-distance conversations with
and his father in Chile. They offered me their house
to live in
told me to go to El Salvador and see the Chilean consul
there who would
precise instructions on how to get me to Chile. Even
to El Salvador and made the appropriate arrangements at the
I never went to Santiago de Chile because I had to
indicating that another attempt on the Commander in Chief's
life was in
"It had become known that some counter revolutionaries in
Antonio Calatayud Rivera, had asked Manuel Camargo, a
and ex-mercenary member of Brigade 2506 who lived in Mexico,
to make a
study of the airport and other places of interest in Mexico
Square on the grounds that Commander in Chief Fidel Castro
visit that country.
"Consequently, weapons were transferred to Mexico
City. Once I
able to determine the real possibilities and objectives of
this plan I
told to return to Cuba.
"I have no doubt in my mind that counterrevolutionary
the direct and indirect support of the CIA in the
assassinate our Commander in Chief. Already I had
himself about the attempt made in Chile, when Fidel visited
at the invitation of the constitutionally elected government
Allende. That attempt was made directly by Jesus
and Marcos Rodriguez, under the leadership of Antonio
Veciana, a man
by the CIA and whom the US press the assassination of
"Today in our country, I have satisfaction of feeling that
to destroy the Cuban Revolution, carried out by these
revolutionaries with CIA support power of a steadfast and
unconditionally supports its Revolution."
CIA: CRIMES AND ASSAULTS
The veil that covers many of the unscrupulous operations
the CIA is lifting. Thus we know that plans or actual
political leaders, as in the case of the leaders of the
and other heads of State, represent one of the CIA's courses
Men such as Patrice Lumumba, Ben Barka, Rene Schneider and
among others were struck down by the workings of this shady
The US Senate Select Committee, headed by Senator Frank
to investigate intelligence activities publicly recognized
plans to assassinate political leaders of various
the course of the investigators, the CIA hid many of its
information from the Senate Committee, offering incomplete
information, deliberately lying in order to confuse the
Nevertheless, in its conclusions, the Senate Committee
has received evidence that high government officials
authorized the establishment within the CIA of an
And the report continued, "...the cases of Castro and
of the plot conceived by US officials to assassinate leaders
(Vol.I, B-8; B-13, Spanish edition).
with caption: The place from which CIA agents planed
with caption: Arms which to be used to assault on
leaders of the
Revolution while Fidel was speaking from the north wing of
Lumumba must die
The murder of Patrice Lumumba, leader of the Congolese
and inspired by the CIA, remains inscribed in the annals of
flagrant violation of human rights. The CIA, with
confessed in the Senate Committee report its attempts to
leader but denies having participated in the actual events
life. However, the facts indicate otherwise.
The same Senate report admits that Lumumba "...was
to US interests in the new African nations."
Bronson Tweedy, Chief of the Africa Division told the Senate
he had spoken with Richard Bissell, CIA deputy director in
secret operations, and that Bissell told him that, Lumumba's
was included among the possible means of elimination."
Lumumba, deposed in a coup led by Joseph Kasavubu, sought
the UN forces in the Congo. With this new development
its assassination plans. this gave rise to plan
Mulroney, as the Senate Committee was told, a plan to make
the area where he was protected by UN troops. So he
and handed over to Mobotu Sese Seko.
On November 27, 1960, Lumumba left the UN guard and on
December 1, he
arrested by Mobutu's troops. Two months later he was
The imprisonment and murder of Lumumba coincides exactly
with the final
plan for eliminating him. Besides the CIA's shameless
murder is a blatant example of intervention in the internal
After Allende's election in September 1970, sectors of the
with the US transnational monopoly ITT thought that Allende
prevented from taking office. But one of the main
was the Commander in Chief of the Army, Rene Schneider, who
any intervention in the democratic and constitutional
The Senate Committee investigating CIA activities states in
"All the coup plots that were developed within the Chilean
the elimination of General Schneider one way or another...US
to encourage these plans once it was known that the first
step would be
kidnap General Schneider.
After two aborted attempts to kidnap this General, the CIA
three sub-machine guns and ammunition in order to carry out
Up to here the Senate Committee confirms having found
that the CIA directed, organized, and founded with ten
plan to prevent the Popular Unity government from taking
to then carry out a military coup. Nevertheless, it
that the weapons given to CIA- directed groups two days
and last kidnap attempt were the ones actually used to kill
The CIA has tried to claim that the operation was carried
out by a
that had nothing to do with them
Who is the CIA Kidding?
The above-mentioned Senate report states that in August of
Fidel Castro gave Senator McGovern a list of 24 aborted
him. He stated that the CIA was involved in
sent that list to the CIA and asked for a response to the
The 14-paged CIA response concluded: "...In summary,
the archives shows that, of the incidents described in
CIA had no participation in 15, never had contact with the
and had no contact with them when the stated incidents
"As for the other nine cases, the CIA had operative
relations with some
the persons mentioned but not for the purpose of
reviewed we found nothing that sustains the accusations that
its agents to assassinate Fidel Castro..."
The report adds: "...The Committee has found no proof
the CIA was involved in the attempts on his life that Castro
to Senator McGovern."
The CIA blatantly lied to the Senate: in all the cases
that report Cuban Security has irrefutable proof that,
indeed, the CIA
directly and indirectly in them.
Could one possible think that an organization like the CIA,
specializing in bribery and crime, would tell the
To their discredit we will briefly expose some of the plots
of the Cuban Revolution, some of which were told to
McGovern, where the
participation of the CIA has been proved.
A criminal plot
In mid October 1961, via CIA agent Antonio Veciana Blanck
(Tony) -- who
leader of a counterrevolutionary organization was able to
activities-- a very careful operation was prepared to kill
Castro and other revolutionary leaders. The plotters
built a fake
in a building located at 29 Misiones Street, 8th floor,
front of the old Presidential Palace, where they hid weapons
by the CIA to carry out the assassination attempt.
From this apartment they intended to fire a bazooka at the
be installed on the north terrace of the old palace for an
Castro and other revolutionary leaders were to attend.
Simultaneously, several grenades would be hurled on the
in order to create panic and facilitate the plotters' escape
On September 18, 1963, Cuban Security discovered another
plot to kill
Fidel Castro and other revolutionary leaders during the
on the 3rd Anniversary of the CDR'S.
On this occasion, the CIA's agent was Pierre Owen Diez de
Ure, a French
recruited to carry out this assassination attempt and other
The plan of action was to place 60 pounds of C-4 plastic
sewer pipes underneath the spot where the platform was to be
which Fidel would address the public on this important
Cuba's Department of State Security was able to discover
this plot in
and arrest the perpetrators.
Both these plots to kill Castro formed part of a general CIA
several leaders of the Revolution at the same time.
with caption: Weapons of the CIA agents infiltrated in
with the objective to attempt to kill the leaders of the
with caption: More arms planned to be used by CIA
in Monte Barreto.
Proof of this was the message transmitted to the station in
21, 1960: "Possible elimination of three principal
consideration by head quarters." The weapons and
that were to be used in these respective attempts, and also
of the principal accused, are undeniable proof of the CIA's
An agent and a gun
In the fall of 1963, Abel Hayder, CIA agent and national
MRR, received an order from the Agency to go to the US for
He arrived in the US clandestinely, and after a two-day stay
at the CIA
in Opa Locka, was sent to a house in Miami suburb where
him a special 45 days course in techniques of demolition,
After the training they began preparations to return Hayder
He was supplied with C-4 plastic explosives with detonators,
and a jar of 100 potassium cyanide tablets. The CIA
him with the delivery of a Magnum Special with a telescopic
to an expert who would use it to murder Commander Fidel
The infiltration in Cuba, scheduled for mid-December 1963,
Thus the promise to send the weapon to be used in this
January 2, 1964, --date set for the attempt on Castro's
life-- was kept.
Abel Hayder landed at a beach near Havana and there he
he was carrying. Afterwards he walked to the road, got
on a bus
went straight to the house of his principal contact in the
the official of the Cuban Department of State Security who
since he began to infiltrate counterrevolutionary
him of the details of his landing and went straight to the
agent who had been specially trained to murder Commander
to be caught.
This too the CIA hid from the Senate. But, can it deny
was one of its supposed agents, trained in one of its
schools in Miami? Can it also deny that it gave him a
to be used to kill the leader of the Cuban Revolution?
pointed out that this case was not included in the list of
attempts on our leaders that was given to senator McGovern.
Deadly milk shakes
The agency devised a macabre plan to poison Fidel
to put it into effect it used one of the networks that had
in Cuba, directed by Ramon and Leopoldina Grau Alsina,
CIA supplied a jar of poisonous capsules, and the Graus
chose Santos de
Caridad Perez, an employee of the Havana Libre Hotel, to do
Perez was in possession of one of the capsules when he was
Of all the CIA plans to kill Prime Minister Fidel Castro,
this is the
one that the Agency admitted before the Senate, had gone
phase. (See Volume I, Insert F, Report of the Senate
to investigate intelligence activities). Obviously its
goes much further, again showing the CIA's dishonesty with
It was also discovered that these pills were brought into
pouch from a capitalist country. Cuba has clear proof
Action in Monte Barreto
On May 28, 1966, two counterrevolutionary CIA agents from
the US landed
at Monte Barreto in the Miramar district.
Revolutionary forces surprised them and a battle ensued in
pieces began to fire on the enemy transport that had brought
Consequently, Antonio Cuesta Valle, chief of the
infiltration group and
Enrique Saldivar, both residents of Miami, were arrested and
Agents Armando Romero Martinez and Sandalio Herminio Diaz
while attempting to invade our territory. They were
in weapons to assassinate Commander Fidel Castro.
Herminio Diaz was a known gangster linked to Mafia types
such as Santos
with whom he had shared the same table at the Riviera Hotel
The CIA admitted to the Senate Committee that it had used
and other underworld figures in the assassination attempts
However, the Agency has made numerous attempts to
plans in which the Mafia and Trafficante were involved,
the planning stage.
False! Herminio Diaz, a Mafia type hired by
by him to work in the CIA, carried this plan to the stage of
he landed in Cuban territory with powerful arms to try to
Other information shows that Antonio Veciana, an agent who
several different attempts to assassinate the leader of the
also participated in the preparations to infiltrate through
Without guts to act
During Commander Fidel Castro's visit to Chile in 1971, the
a plan to assassinate him using Cuban born counter
Dominguez Benitez (El Isleno), and Marcos Rodriguez, acting
for Venezuelan TV Channel 4.
Both these men, briefed and directed by Antonio Veciana, who
explicit orders, received a year's training in the use of
viewers at the camp in Florida. They were also given a
and training to make them professional TV cameramen.
Then they were put to work with Channel 4 of the Venezuelan
TV via the
terrorist and CIA agent Luis Posada Carriles (who later
preparation of the criminal sabotage of the Cubana plane in
As journalists, they obtained permission to cover the leader
Revolution's travels in Chile. For this purpose,
them with a special TV camera that had an automatic pistol
These individuals were to use the pretext of filming scenes
to kill him with the weapon they had so cleverly
lacked the guts to follow through since, as they later
no sure way of "saving their own necks" once the deed was
The CIA tried very carefully to make these acts seem to be
the work of
Veciana, so that the "work" would become the responsibility
the traditional plot used by the CIA to cover up its
The details exposed here are but a few of the many that the
bodies possess. Nonetheless, they show concealment and
of information given to Senator Frank Church's Senate
the participation of the CIA in attempts to kill Commander
The CIA told the Senate of its participation in
1960-1965. Nothing is mentioned thereafter, to make it
then on, it stopped preparing "dirty tricks." However,
has proof that, indeed, the CIA has continued its
to this date.
No other political leader has had to face, so many and such
on his life as Commander Fidel Castro. Of course, due
vigilance of the people and the timely actions of Cuban
has come to fruition.
The CIA, however, is just one tool of US foreign
of the United States and the youth of the world demand that
take the necessary measures to prevent this Agency from
terror and from using assassination as an instrument of US
Another page of CIA criminal activities against Cuba
It was with indignation that the people learned of the new
by the counterrevolutionary bands organized by the US
Agency. On January 5, 1961 Conrado Benitez, a young
was assassinated. He had been teaching peasants in the
in the central part of the country to read and write.
Bandits ruthlessly took the life of this young man, whose
his books. This horrible crime was intended to
frighten the first
campaign teachers who brought knowledge to confront the
legacy of the
This crime was also a manifestation of the bitter class
in Cuba with the profound revolutionary process that was
standing up to
privileges, ignorance and exploitation. As Fidel
Castro leader of
Cuban Revolution, has pointed out: "Conrado Benitez
he was poor, because he was young, because he was black,
because he was
However, that was neither the first nor the last murder
recorded in the
of counterrevolutionary banditry.
The crimes perpetrated by counterrevolutionary bands,
equipped and encouraged by the US Central Intelligence
Agency, as part
the plan to crush the Cuban Revolution, include a long list
sabotage, attacks upon defenseless towns, buses trains and
public transportation, arson in schools, rural stores and
First, it should be understood that banditry, one of the
US imperialism against the Cuban revolutionary process, was
part of the
government's plan to create favorable conditions for the
revolutionary government through sabotage inside the country
from abroad. The CIA was to implement these plans.
The first incidence of banditry took place in 1959, when the
organization "La Rosa Blanca (The White Rose), made up of
revolutionary justice, former members of the tyranny's armed
petty politicians and landowners linked with Dominican
along with the CIA, tried to launch an invasion from Santo
The invasion flopped. This failure at first upset the
but some of its members managed to reunite and get to
From then on new counterrevolutionary bands sprang up
led, subsidized and armed by the CIA. At the same
time, the Cuban
process was becoming more radical and the interests of the
particularly those of the large landowners were severely
During the second half of 1960, there were uprisings in
the Escambray. At that time, the ringleader Benito
Campito, began to operate in the northeastern part of Las
in the municipalities of Sagua la Grande and
Corralillo. He was
by the Movimiento de Recuperacion Revolucionaria,
to the Agency from its founding in 1959. Among its
tasks was the
of counterrevolutionary bands, and the Escambray became the
The counterrevolutionary bands received their supplies from
organized inside the country through underground
small contingents of the Rebel Army pursued the
bandits. Later on
larger number of soldiers and militia were mobilized.
Imperialism placed particular emphasis on organizing and
in the Escambray mountains, as part of a plan to divide the
Therefore, banditry in Las Villas became the focus of enemy
However strange it may seem, the leadership of the Escambray
fell to Jose Ramon Ruiz Sanchez, or Major Augusto, a
a suburban sector of Havana. He broadcast orders to
his home. Through this agent, the CIA was able to make
drop of weapons in the Escambray.
with caption: One hundred thousand workers of the
mobilized in the regions of centra Cuba to squash the
armed by the CIA of the United States.
The Escambray bandits were much more aggressive than those
in the rest
the country. Undoubtedly, they had the topography of
the area in
favor. For example, in Pinar del Rio, they were wiped
and, although they committed crimes, they were not as active
in Las Villas. In Havana and in Matanzas, there were
that managed to commit a number of murders, but they were
there and in Oriente as well.
On November 29, 1960, the revolutionary leadership decided
to set in
what was popularly known as La Limpia (The clean up) of the
More than 60,000 militia: workers, students and
into combat battalions, joined the contingents of the Rebel
against the bandits, and began a strong offensive aimed at
The Escambray was turned into a huge operations ground and
had no peace. The militia, led by officers of the
the bandits in check. Some were compelled to
abroad or scattered to different areas. Workers,
firmly confronted those who attempted to hinder the
militia was able to return home by the end of March 1961.
This was the prevailing situation at the time of the
invasion at Playa
an area near the Escambray. Immediately, bandit
With the hope for a successful invasion by the mercenary
imperialism once again gave top importance to banditry and
small group of refugees left in the Escambray. Osvaldo
became the ringleader supported by the CIA.
The bandits planned to increase the number of groups but
of members in each one so as to give them more
sprang up, increasing villainy and terrorism.
The many crimes perpetrated against the population and the
the bands culminated in the assassination of Manuel Ascunce
member of the Literacy Brigade and his pupil, Pedro
As a result, the Revolutionary Government passed Law no. 988
the death penalty for band chieftains and assassins and the
of collaborationists' property. This law was the legal
action against the bandits.
with Caption: The worker-militia captures a
the services of the CIA.
with caption: Yet another bandit surrenders to the
Later, Lucha Contra Bandidos (LCB), the anti-bandit section
of the Army
created. This military body grew out of actual combat,
and as it
it became more organized and experienced. The creation
of the LCB
it possible to reduce military personnel. Those who
peasants from that area who were familiar with the terrain
to mountain climbing. The local LCB troops were the
weapons for annihilating banditry.
The Second Agrarian Reform Law, enacted on October 3, 1963,
blow to the bandits. It eradicated the rural
an important economic mainstay of banditry.
Throughout those years, major operations and heroic,
actions against banditry were carried out. This was
the case of
man from Maisinicu (Alberto Delgado), a Cuban State Security
infiltrated into the counterrevolutionary bands and dealt
the criminals. On December 29, 1963 the State Security
an operation to cut off the important underground supply
line to the
known as Rat Line, led by the CIA. This was the final
blow to the
who still remained in the Escambray.
The continuous combined operations of State Security and the
complete support of the people for the Revolution, and the
produced by the bandits' lack of ideals, the ambition of
and the criminal nature of their activity, all contributed
Towards the end of 1965, Luis Vargas and Jose Rebozo were
remaining in the Escambray. Luis Vargas was arrested
and Jose Rebozo on October 1, 1966..
Thus ended another chapter in imperialism's criminal action
perpetrated by the CIA.
The struggle against the bands that imperialism tried to
mountains areas of the Island was won at the cost of effort
our people. Dozens of peasants, women, teachers and
by the bandits; over 240 fighters lost their lives in combat
The country had to divert huge quantities of all kinds of
the CIA's plan of setting up centers of banditry to promote
areas. But the end result --the smashing victory of
the forces of reaction-- was inevitable.
This reality did not, however, make the CIA abandon its
banditry. Years later, through the infiltration of
the enemy attempted to revive banditry. But in every
was annihilated before it could accomplish its subversive
The blow to the "Rat Line"
Almost fifteen years have passed since the important
known as Rat Line, used to supply and inform
in the northern region of the Escambray, was completely
Cuban State Security.
For the first time Alberto Miranda Toledo, a Cuban Security
able to infiltrate this network and even became its second-
publicly of this rude blow to banditry and to the US Central
"The CIA wanted to make the northern part of the Escambray a
bandit activity for it was the ideal place for agents to
abroad. There were several bands already operating in
among them the one headed by Campito.
"I had penetrated some of the counterrevolutionary
organizations in Las
as early as 1959 and had created an image as an active
element. In 1962, when Cuban Security headquarters,
the existence of an important supply and information network
bands, I was assigned the mission of penetrating this
"I was known that the network was directed by Leonardo
Prieto, but his
was not known. After establishing links with
individuals in Santa
who were disenchanted with the Revolution, I made contact
Pinto, who had been administrator of a tax office and a
the Batista dictatorship.
"I won his confidence to carry out counterrevolutionary
turned out to be the CIA's main agent in the Rat Line
he even suggested to the CIA that I become deputy director
he sent my biography to the CIA Operation Unit in
and Leonardo Prieto, wanted by Cuban Security, were one and
"Pinto, who communicated with the CIA through a Western
in Cuba, also checked on other CIA agents, their operations,
network he directed was made up of some two hundred men,
mainly in Las
and also in Havana that kept in touch with
and CIA agents in the capital city. The Rat Line
the northern part of the Escambray with money, weapons,
equipment. It also gave the CIA economic, social and
on the country. The CIA got the weapons to the bands
from planes at a place, date and time previously agreed upon
Rat Line. They supplied the money as follows:
dollars over to a given person abroad, and this person would
someone else would give the network the equivalent amount in
"By that time, this was the only network left to supply
bands, for the
had received many blows from Cuban Security. So the
all the various elements that opposed the Revolution and, at
received special support from the CIA.
"The members of the Rat Line were basically from the middle
bourgeoisie, people linked to the Batista tyranny, ex-
"The CIA's orders to the bands, who were strongly harassed
National Militias and the Revolutionary Armed Forces, were
stay in the Escambray at all costs. They wanted to
region in order to control the Escambray, divide the Island
in two and,
soon as conditions permitted, organize a provisional
it were an internal movement, and to have this provisional
the aid and intervention of the United States.
"On December 29, 1963, Pinto and the other members of the
CIA Rat Line
were captured and a decisive blow was deal to the bandits
and to the
States Central Intelligence Agency's plans."
with caption: Alberto Miranda
John Stockwell and Holden Roberto met again in early
November, 1975, in
improvised lookout a few meters off the highway that links
The moment for striking the final blow was approaching, for
before the 11th, to install a puppet government on the piles
then chop up the country: one third would be taken
over by Zaire
satisfy Mobutu's expansionist ambitions; the biggest stretch
completely to the corporations interested in the iron,
kaolin, feldspar, marble, black granite urunium and, of
course, the oil
The two men posed for photos 32 kms. from
Luanda. At the
Holden Roberto, CIA agent recruited in 1961 at $10,000 a
with confidence, reassured by the plans dreamed up in
an air lift for supplying abundant weapons from US bases,
from NATO and the recruitment of mercenaries, as in the
period of the
to carry out
The CIAs' sinister program in Angola
Once again it was the Central Intelligence Agency, playing
its role as
operational arm of the United States Government's policy of
gendarme. The CIA, with its worn-out schemes and
formulas used on
many other occasions, well known in Guatemala, in 1954; in
1961; in Vietnam and Laos, for nearly two decades; in the
in 1965; in Chile in 1973.
According to an apparently unbreakable golden rule,
operations begin by
on target any movement, government or individual that might
a counter force to the system of imperialist exploitation,
interference and against those forces or currents of
and revolutionary change, it unleashes an arsenal of
evolve into coups d'etat, assassination attempts,
and genocide, in order to confront, diminish and discredit
communism, according to the directive of the US National
The cover-up of the operations is a must in the ABC's of the
evident from such abominable expedients as the use of
troops of local puppets and alleged "liberation
United States contributes with arms and dollars, and the
was no exception to the modus operandi of the CIA in Third
Angola turned out to be too big, too rich and too strategic
a movement such as the MPLA --with real national roots,
projected progressive thinking-- to consolidate itself as
first in the anticolonialist struggle and then in the
That popular force which had begun the first national
against Portuguese colonialism in 1961, had to be
then on, the CIA took charge of financing the internal
embodied in the National Front for the Liberation of Angola
the UPA and GPRAE) and its agent-chief Holden Roberto.
it immediately had the unconditional collaboration of
Mobutu, who was
to be placed in power as president with CIA complicity, thus
Zaire as the subsidiary regime for its schemes and Kinshasa
as the main
pad for its intervention in Angola.
On the military plane, NATO provided the support for
Portugal in its
against the insurgent MPLA forces.
Nevertheless, none of the wise experts or their US espionage
predict that the very dynamics of the liberation war in the
bring about the downfall of fascism in the metropolis and
happened, a process of decolonization would be precipitated
would not have to answer to the typical neocolonialist
and England had applied on the African continent on other
The existence of a political situation that was not
controlled by the
powers led the CIA into one of its biggest, dirtiest and
against the free will of any people according to the no less
of confessions and revelations formulated by some of the
executors of the so-called.
Program for Angola
A report of the US Senate Security Committee revealed that
operations against Angola began before November, 1974, from
with caption: ; John Stockwell, together with Holden
defeat by the revolutionary forces of the MPLA was fast
John Stockwell and Jonas Savimbi in Angola.
A total of 18 Agency officers, some of them with prior
and Laos, were accredited in the capital of Zaire for the
contacts and providing supplies to the FNLA and UNITA
of operative and telecommunications officers from the CIA
Kinshasa, mainly under diplomatic cover, included Stuart E.
L. Martin, Roberto Benedetti, Nancy R. Buss, Peter T.
Jeffrey Panitt, Victoria Viger, Bruce Barnard, Robert W.
Comar, Wilfred Gagnon, William Harner, Richard J. Harrinson,
David S. Markey, Thomas T. Mix and Nick E. Unger.
When the cease-fire between Portugal and the Angolan
in November, 1974, the FNLA entered Luanda with considerable
whose purpose it was to wipe out the MPLA or throw them out
government that was to be established in Luanda a month
the signing of the Alvor Accords. With CIA training,
its efforts to a bloody wave of kidnapping, torture, murder
massacre of MPLA members and sympathizers. The
houses" that sprang up in some sectors of Luanda were
centers of terror
which even cannibalism was practiced, as many of the
in Luanda were able to confirm.
with caption: The agent Holden Roberto in company with
John Stockwell, former head of the CIA Task Force for Angola
out that the FNLA attacks on the MPLA began in February,
Forty Committee had approved the designation of $300,000,
of the only legitimate representative of the Angolan people.
Stockwell adds that CIA intervention was undertaken through
"Program for Angola", submitted to President Ford and
approved by him
his Presidential Findings which were then discussed by the
in January, June and July of 1975. On July 14, the
to draw up a covert plan of action for Operation
was elaborated by the CIA's Africa Division and presented on
That same day, it was approved by President Ford, who also
of $6 million. On July 27, Ford authorized and
million for the project.
At the same time, CIA director William Colby told the
that the Agency would really need to invest $100 million to
would win in Angola; but since a program of that financial
too difficult to keep secret, the final sum was $31 million.
The CIA program also included support for Jonas
UNITA, one of the organizations that Portuguese colonialism
1966 to fight against the MPLA guerrillas and which provided
reserve for a neocolonialist changeover. In August,
met in Zaire with UNITA's Minister of Foreign Affairs who
him to Silva Porto for an interview with Savimbi.
This contact mission was carried out with the approval of
and the White House itself.
Arms, dollars and mercenaries
In his book In Search of Enemies John Stockwell states that
launched when the first C-141 plane carrying arms left on
with two additional high priority flights in
came from CIA warehouses in Texas and the cargo was prepared
The Logistics Office was chiefly responsible for
coordinating the US
of the program, while the CIA Africa Division, together with
Operations Group and liaison from the Air Forces, took
charge of the
of the cargo and sent the formal memo to the Pentagon
The station in Monrovia, Liberia, was in charge of refueling
Base and Kinshasa was responsible for unloading the
goods. The US
also contributed to implementing the "Program" by shipping
on its transport ship The American Champion.
But all these arms failed to shake the resistance of the
the FNLA-UNITA coalition had no popular support whatsoever,
the transitional government, relying more on the results of
than on its own forces.
The CIA program then entered its most active and, to a
phase. Its primary objective was to seize Luanda at
November 11, the date set by the Alvor Accords for
Among its desperate actions, the CIA roused the Portuguese
in Luanda to kidnap planes with arms for the MPLA and fly
for $30,000 per flight. Meanwhile, the Navy was to
traveling between Luanda and Cabinda and support infantry
For this project, various types of ships were acquired and
artillery. Later they were turned over to the Zaireans
Meanwhile, commando battalions of Mobutu's army were flown
C-130's to Ambriz, where the so-called government of Holden
set up. The brothers-in-law had decided that the
before November 11, would be the first step toward
Zaire into a single state or a federation.
With the Zairean troops and the Portuguese mercenaries, what
to as "intelligence compilers" came to Angola. The
more or less than CIA experts who were supposed to direct,
FNLA and UNITA forces in Angola territory.
During this period, the CIA also established coordination
Service for Foreign Documentation and Counterespionage
into account France's economic interests in Angola.
companies had created the FLEC to promote the recession of
the military level, France was acting as a bridge for
portion of the weapons projected for the program.
The SDECE received intelligence reports from the CIA in
Paris and, in
1975, CIA deputy director Vernon Walters promised that
to recruit mercenaries. Bob Denard, a longtime
mercenary who had
for Mobutu in the Congo, was in charge of recruitment while
to provide passports and visas and solve any legal problem
South Africa, a friend of the CIA
The former head of the Task Force for Angola says that some
invasion by the South African Army, the head of the CIA
Potts was in favor of South Africa's participation.
The heads of
CIA stations in Kinshasa, Pretoria and Lusaka agreed with
their support for direct participation by the South
ties with South Africa's Bureau of State Security (BOSS) go
back to the
when they worked in close coordination in recruiting
civil war in the Congo", according to the magazine Counter
"Later", the magazine continues, "the United States went all
the operational capacities of South African intelligence,
realm of the strategic center of sea routes around the Cape,
that allowed them to look both north and south, in order to
spy on the
and liberation movements of Africa."
Thus, the Pretoria station maintained close links with the
BOSS. CIA officers in the Kinshasa station and
received two C-130 planes in Ndjilli and supervised the
cargos to a CIA c-141 that would carry the arms to Silva
20, 1975, following orientations from CIA general
It is known that the director of BOSS made two personal
for secret meetings with the head of the CIA's Africa
After the 11th
Midnight of November 10, 1975 came to Luanda, without the
mercenaries, Zaireans and South Africans; without Holden
to go beyond his improvised lookout -- from which he would
to the south.
The FAPLA victory in Quifandongo, and those in Quibala and
stopped the South African blitzkrieg short, had saved
and its future. The course of the war had been
But that didn't stop the CIA's interventionist
arms were stepped up between Kinshasa and Carmona, where the
of the FNLA was located then, and the recruiting of
now with the limited objective of achieving the division of
CIA efforts to use mercenaries in Angola increased at the
end of 1975
continued thereafter, even following the December 17, 1975,
by an overwhelming majority, prohibiting the use of US
any type of aid to the divisionist groups in Angola "without
of the US Congress". In defiance of that decision, the
bases for recruiting mercenaries in London, Paris and Madrid
At the beginning of December, 1975, the CIA made contact in
Colonel Santos E. Castro, with a view to making plans to
force of 300 Portuguese, who would go and fight with the
FNLA --a force
which an initial sum of $110,000 was budgeted, although the
including the costs of recruitment, wages, plane flights,
Angola and medical expenses, would come to more than $1.5
In Miami, Manuel Artime, the well-known CIA agent an chief
invasion of Cuba, set up a recruitment office to form a
UNITA and FNLA action, offering individual monthly salaries
of up to
Around this time, in January of 1976, AP released statements
Giron mercenary Jose Antonio Prats, who claimed to be
the UNITA and we have requests from Cubans and Latin
According to the public testimony of the mercenaries tried
were various organizations controlled by the CIA that were
recruitment of mercenaries, such as the World Wild Geese
and Omega Group Limited.
In London there were two offices for this purpose, the
Services (SAS) and the Mercenary Forces Group. In
Best, spokesman for the former, revealed that the
with US money that had been received through Major James E.
US Army Attache to the US Embassy in London, who acted as
The CIA hasn't stopped
Even after the crushing defeat of the mercenaries in the
on Zaire, strong repulsion of the attempts to invade Cabinda
withdrawal of South African troops, the CIA didn't give up
financing actions against Angola.
The ex-head of the CIA in Angola points out in his book
that, with the
part of the Angola adventure over in September, 1976, the
begun to evolve its intervention program for Ethiopia.
in a meeting among Stockwell, the director of operations,
and the head
the Ethiopia Somalia-Section, the future program for
Ethiopia began to
drawn up. To Stockwell's surprise, the director of
that the CIA could request the launching of another covert
Horn of Africa.
The Luanda trial of mercenarism had barely ended when a
in the Azores Islands, in June, 1976 organized by the
the Head of UNITA, a US citizen and CIA official, with the
cooperation between the counterrevolutionary group and the
In May of that year, the Organization of Free Africa (OAL)
infiltrate into the former Portuguese colonies and try to
governments through such actions as sabotage, criminal
OAL headquarters was in Madrid and it had branches in Miami,
important cities. Its most active members included a
counterrevolutionaries, whose representative belonged to the
CORU group, protected, naturally by the CIA.
More recent information indicates the arrival in Zaire after
of groups of French, US and Belgian mercenaries whose
mission is to
operations against Angola in Maquela de Zamboen in the
The CIA hasn't stopped its "program" in Angola, nor in the
--wherever the people decide to struggle to become masters
of their own
The CIA continues to be the operational arm of US
acting as international gendarme, an arm for the forces of
and socialism to cut off.
The "Maxim" Case
A movie house was the clue that led to the identification
Francisco Munoz Olive (alias Montes), once the state
collected sufficient information to know that there existed
in Cuba an
who worked for the CIA under that alias.
Who was Montes? Where did he live? What did he do?
What were his
Cuban security had received a scanty piece of information
"He lives near or in front of a movie house, one block away
a street in the center of Havana."
The only movie house in this location was the Maxim
from then on, the Security Bodies began to refer to the
the CIA agent, as the Maxim case.
Shortly thereafter, with the help of the mass organizations,
the Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, they
front of that movie house, on Bruzon Street, in the house
apartment number 2, lived a tall, heavy- set man, light
been a member of the police force for many years prior to
and presently received a pension from the State. This
Munoz Olive. He was the CIA agent Montes.
The CIA had provided Montes with the technical equipment
that he used
his work: a radio received, carbon paper for invisible
keys for receiving messages, etc.
with caption: Radio-receiver used to capture messages
The first important contact that Montes made in order to
was Rafaela Rojas, who had a long and ominous
in Oriente province and who had been convicted and
imprisoned by a
court for these activities.
It was through Joan of Arc, the alias that Montes himself
she moved to Havana after serving her sentence, that Munoz
some of the members of his network. Montes himself
periods in a chalet belonging to his wife's family in the
and here he directly recruited an expoliticker from that
Montes did not spent all his time "resting", as he would
He spent much of his time collecting economic, political and
on Oriente and he sent his secretly written messages to the
Holguin. He often went to Santiago de Cuba, the
capital of former
providence, in order to meet with one of his collaborators
from Havana to Santiago shortly after having been recruited
Another target point for the network was the area of Antilla
Oriente. Some members were recruited from this very
Melba de Feria Santiesteban, a large landholder who was
affected by the
Reform Law and who became one of the most important of agent
after "Joan of Arc" left the country.
Melba de Feria, profoundly reactionary and anti-communist,
role in the network as the link between her boss and some of
She herself recruited Dr. Martha Frayde Barraque (alias
Fuente) and for
long time acted as the direct link between the doctor and
as she was known in combat by the CIA, became a source of
She had many friends and a wide variety of activities that
to obtain information that she systematically relayed to the
Dr. Martha Frayde Barraque took advantage of her large
of both personal and professional relations, to obtain
on Cuba, which she then handed over to the government of the
The group of informants was varied and dissimilar, although
could be identified as reactionary elements, embittered,
of the Revolution. It is worth noting that
Dr. Frayde maintained personal contracts with members of the
accredited in Cuba, through which the CIA agent managed to
resources and materials for her enemy activity.
Also, Dr. Frayde maintained regular contacts with Cuban
by diversionist propaganda and campaigns coming from the
in Cuba, provided her with information about these matters.
The information which Martha Frayde obtained was so
important to the
that this US Government agency decided to pay her a monthly
which was collected in Madrid, Spain, by the doctor's good
Vazquez (alias Beba). Beba was to safe the money since
planning to leave Cuba.
MSJ ONE EIGHT FIVE X RECEIVED SIX BUT FOUR MISSING X PLEASE
STILL URGENTLY NEED MESSAGE ONE EIGHT FOUR ON POLITICAL
PRISONERS XX ON
OF CHILEANS AND VENEZUELANS AND NAMES AND AIMS FORESEEN XXX
IN PLANS LEAVE OR SEND CUBAN FORCES TO ANY PART AFRICA AND
IS THERE WAY
KNOWING WHEN ISIDORO MALMIERCA LEAVES FOR TRIP AND TO WHERE
One of the characteristics of this type of espionage network
of the classical rules of compartmentalization and
Olive served many years in police forces and had been
CIA and FBI officials with whom he had tight relations, he
the application of the standard rules that US intelligence
in order to safeguard their subversive and illegal
The official links between Munoz Olive and US repressive
before the triumph of the Cuban Revolution. At that
relations with US citizens accredited as diplomats of the US
Actually, they were advisers from the Batista police
1, 1959, Munoz Olive expanded these relations, particularly
a US Embassy attache, who took charge of recruiting into the
Intelligence Agency. In practice, Munoz Olive became
assistant and carried out numerous intelligence tasks for
other CIA officials were put in charge of Munoz Olive until,
relations between the US and Cuba were severed.
Agent Montes, considered to be a very reliable and
trustworthy man and
the endorsement of long-standing official links with the
to the Intelligence Service that functioned in Yankee
and, particularly, to CIA officials who collaborated with
activities, such as accompanying and guiding North Americans
out complex and sensitive intelligence operations,
and sources of information, selecting and furnishing secret
agents, and moving in espionage equipment and materials.
Montes spy ring was duly supplied with special modern
These were built in the CIA laboratories and were supplied
agent by means of caches or deposits made in secure,
places. Agent Munoz Olive, who had a car, drove to
coast outside Havana, in the area of Guanabo, the Mariel
sites, in order to pick up shipments of transmitters,
sums of Cuban money which the CIA headquarters sent
Each Wednesday, at 10 a.m., and each Saturday at 11:30 a.m.,
and balcony doors of 65 Bruzon Street, apartment 2,
t he days and the hours in which the CIA transmitted to
directly from Langley, Virginia. On those days, at
Olive exhibited a keen love for Spanish instrumental music,
two pieces: "El Relicario" (The Relic), and "Por el
When one of these pieces was heard over the frequency on
to receive the transmission, it indicated that a message
would or would
be transmitted that day. If "El Relicario" was played,
take pencil and paper and copy the numbers which were
afterwards. If the other piece was played, Olive would
be able to
his windows and doors once again. That day there would
What interests did the CIA raise with Montes? Many and
In the messages from Langley, signed by Maximo, the network
obtain secret information about military, economic and
military units, the movements of the leaders of the
friends, the harvest, friendship with diplomats, wives, and
socialist countries, international events held in Cuba,
respect to Latin America. These were among the more
that the CIA raised with Munoz Olive for the purpose of
in plans against Cuba.
We want to refer to one specific matter. After 1970,
Montes' network several times to transmit information about
and other Chilean revolutionaries living in Cuba.
With this request for information that obviously has nothing
to do with
security of the United States Government", the CIA once
its complicity with Pinochet and the criminals that have
regime in Chile. For what and for whom does the CIA
the activities of Chileans in Cuba?
As is known, one of the main objectives of the activities
by the CIA has been the physical elimination of Commander in
Castro, and espionage has been used for these criminal ends.
The Agency instructed Munoz Olive to collect information
of revolutionary leaders and government officials,
trips outside of Cuba, and transmit this information to
They wanted to know the dates and itineraries of
trips. Why did
CIA want this type of information? Perhaps to carry
terrorist, criminal plans?
For some time now the windows and doors of the apartment in
Maxim theater do not have to be closed on certain morning
and Saturday. The network of spies has been captured.
The Department of State Security captured from the
RR-48 and its accessories, the carbon paper for invisible
of messages received and sent, informative reports from the
network, codes for ciphering and deciphering messages,
propaganda, a gun other instruments that Munoz Olive used
to the repressive bodies of the Batista tyranny, and large
All this was found in hiding places behind an altar, in a
of a night table, and inside of books hollowed out to store
And so the Maxim case was closed.
Conversation with "Delfin"
The CIA Radio-station in Havana up to January 3rd. 1961
with caption: 1. John Z. Williams, officer of the CIA
Station in Havana
2. David A. Morales Sanchez, officer of the CIA
A US Senate Select Committee for investigating US
chaired by Frank Church, has recently acknowledged publicly
that a CIA
operated out of the US Embassy in Havana --as a center of
counterrevolution and plots to assassinate Fidel Castro and
of the Revolution-- up to the very day the Eisenhower
to break relations with Cuba.
This is no news to our people. As early as 1959, Cuban
among them Valiente G. Gonzalez Morales, managed to
penetrate the CIA
in Havana as recruits and even played a significant role in
plots that were hatched there.
1. Roberto E. Van Horn, head of the CIA radio Station
January 3rd, 1961
2. Erikson S. Nichols, officer of the CIA Station in
In 1959, on instructions from our newly created state
Morales (Delfin) managed to learn certain details about how
on the 5th floor of the US Embassy systematically operated
against the Cuban Revolution organizing counterrevolutionary
counterrevolutionary leaders; promoting banditry; supplying
sabotage material and funds to counterrevolutionary groups
and plotting the overthrow of the revolutionary government
in line with
and US governmental plans.
First, Delfin infiltrated the Anti-Communist Legion of the
led by the CIA in that area. When a LAC branch was set
he met with Carlos Dominguez, a member of the CIA operation
President of Chrysler Company in Havana. According to
Dominguez had played and important role as a CIA agent in
wound up with the overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala."
Three other members of the LAC leadership also took
part in that
held early in 1959 at Dominguez's house in Nautico
Julio Oton Sanchez, national coordinator; Erbe Vergara,
Erbe Vergara was also a Cuban State Security officer and the
interview to recruit Delfin and Vergara for the CIA
"Dominguez asked me a great number of questions, Delfin
social background, whether I had been baptized, whether I
in the revolutionary struggle, whom I had worked with in the
movement, what I thought about Communism, my date of
birth...A few days
I was summoned to the American Embassy.
"The Anti-Communist League of the Caribbean had the CIA's ok
told not to let the rank-and-file members of LAC in on the
fact that it
run by the CIA and was in contact with the US Embassy.
The CIA Station in Havana was on the 5th floor of the
given an ordinary envelope containing a code name that
admitted me to
CIA station office where I was received by CIA station
Van Horn. Dominguez introduced him to me and told me
give me a rundown on the structure and functioning of the
"I went to lots of meetings always alone, as was the case
of the Anti-Communist League. We all had different
to go on Tuesdays, at 10 a.m. At first we were given a
course in how our counterrevolutionary organization should
"We were told how to set up a counterrevolutionary
sections to be created, everything that had to be set up and
the compartmentalization that had to abe maintained among
would say it had to be organized from the top down and not
up, to prevent penetration by Cuba's G-2, or state security
"LAC should accomplish certain missions and carry out
Through LAC, the CIA would supply military equipment to
organizations, bands, terrorist groups. They incited
rise of counterrevolutionary bands. LAC for example,
with creating a banditry center in Pinar del Rio. At
was to divide the country into three parts and launch a
on the southern part of Cuba. We were very often told
to eliminate Fidel, Raul, Che and other leaders of the
"Robert Van Horn and Dominguez assigned me the task of
and sabotage cells and a supply network for the
with a chain of contacts and liaison with other
in every province, to determine where it would be possible
to stage the
uprisings and, in general, supply weapons, ammunitions and
"They provided me with certain contacts with bands already
Las Villas province. In Santa Clara, for example, the
bandit chiefs Evelio Duque, first and Tomas San Gil later,
I was also provided with contacts that the CIA had with
Blas Tardio's bands and others.
"I held several interviews with their respective liaisons,
with the aim
making maps of the area so dates, signals and sites could be
dropping weapons. These weapons, which the CIA sent in
gradually fell into the hands of the Rebel Army, since I
this information on to our headquarters in the Cuban
"Roberto and Dominguez appointed me Head of Action and
Sabotage of the
League of the Caribbean and CIA liaison. This was made
June, 1960, at a meeting to step up counterrevolutionary
LAC's role in the final phase of the plan against Cuba, and
US Government and revolutionary government.
"That meeting was called by CIA officers Major Robert Van
and Lieutenant Colonel Erikson S. Nichols, known as
was a diplomatic post in the US Embassy. Some 20 CIA
also attended this meeting held at a farm in Cacahual owned
It was planned as a birthday party so as not to arouse
"Among other things we were told that we would have to
supply men for
bands and send men abroad for training; that they would
the organizations and bandits; establish an economic and
of Cuba; stage a provocation -- a fake aggression against
Base, and that there would be a US supported invasion from
On December 3, 1960, the Cuban State Security arrested more
of counterrevolutionary gangs. At their trial, both
CIA agent and LAC Head of Action and Sabotage, and Erbe
and publicly unmasked the CIA's participation in every
action against Cuba.
Finally, they charged that US diplomatic headquarters in
used by the CIA to direct the counterrevolution and
Significantly, just a few days later the Eisenhower
to break relations with Cuba in a new step to isolate Cuba
international atmosphere propitious for launching the armed
Cuba engineered by the CIA from abroad.
Shortly thereafter, on January 3, 1961, the US Embassy
But the US Central Intelligence Agency's criminal and
against the people, the Cuban Revolution and its leaders did
A CIA provocation
The CIA espionage and control centre, opposite the Cuban
at 149-1 Francisco Marquez Street in the Capital of Mexico.
From the vantage point, photos of all Cuban officials and
Cuban diplomatic offices were made, bugging devices
installed in the
diplomatic offices were monitored and communications were
a CIA surveillance team to check and harass anyone who went
There are no limits to CIA activities against Cuba, to carry
and anti-Cuban activities, the Central Intelligence Agency
countries, even those that maintain good relations with
Cuba, in an
to create problems for these governments.
A good example of this was the CIA surveillance and
espionage of the
Embassy and Consulate in Mexico City, their staff and
this work was done inside Mexico, in flagrant violation of
the laws of
friendly country and with disdain for the sincere feelings
friendship the people of Benito Juarez's homeland felt for
the Cuba of
In his book, published in 1975, former CIA agent Philip Agee
"The Cuban operations section (in Mexico) consists of two
Francis Sherry and Joe Piccolo, and a secretary under
Embassy cover and
case officer under non-official cover. An observation
coverage and radio contact with the LIEMBRACE surveillance
as well as LIENVOY telephone monitoring and LIFIRE airport
Agee went on to say that "The most important current
the Cuban mission is an attempted audio penetration using
Telephone company engineers working in the LIDENY tapping
eventually install new wall boxes for the Embassy telephones
miniature transmitters with switches will have been cast by
The espionage and surveillance center
The LIEMBRACE surveillance team mentioned by Agee was headed
known as Guillermito, who lived at No. 1217 Pitagoras St.,
and had a
Valiant, license plate number JV-532. At first, his
at No. 16 Agrarismo St.
The operations center of this CIA team for harassing and
spying on the
Consulate and Embassy was located at No. 149-1 Francisco
Condesa, opposite the Cuban mission. This group worked
to 1972, when it was disbanded.
Up to that time, the CIA checked the entrance and exit of
the Cuban Embassy and Consulate in Mexico City from there,
everyone including the staff, using electronic espionage and
devices in the diplomatic offices. It was also a
center for the CIA surveillance team in the surrounding
Alberto Cesar Augusto Rodriguez Gallego, who pretended to be
but was actually born in Havana, was the CIA's main agent in
Center at No. 149 Francisco Marquez St.
with caption: CIA agent Rodriguez Gallego who now
lives in Spain
Data on Rodriguez Gallego
He was born in Havana on November 6, 1922, attended grammar
Florida, and graduated from the University of Havana Law
1941 to 1950, he worked in the legal department of the Cuban
and later for the Cuban Telephone Company, one of the most
on the Island. There, Rodriguez Gallego managed to
right- hand man.
He left Cuba for Mexico in 1960. There he lived at No.
Street, Colonia Alamos, Mexico, D.F. and, in late 1961 he
moved to No.
Francisco Marquez Street, Colonia Condesa, Mexico 11. D.F.
Then and there, the CIA's Espionage and Surveillance Center
From a window on the third floor of the house Rodriguez
the visitors to the Consulate, working full time for the CIA
stay in Mexico.
When the CIA's LIEMBRACE group was temporarily disbanded in
Gallego hurriedly set off for Spain to carry out missions
Intelligence. There he bought apartment 7-A at No. 194
Madrid 26, where he now lives.
He is listed as assistant director of the Berlitz English
at No. 80 Jose Antonio Avenue, Madrid.
The espionage tapping operation that Philip Agee mentions in
a CIA job that used the telephone network in the offices of
and his secretary, in the consulate and the consul's office
and in the
box. Nor is this the only espionage action against the
and Embassy in Mexico City.
Another kind of device was discovered when the chairs in the
office were sent to be upholstered. Another time the
CIA placed a
device in a sofa that had been sent for reupholstering,
along with four
to the Bucky shop, at No. 418 Coyoacan Avenue, Acc. B.
Mexico 12 D.F. It has been established that these
were installed while the furniture was in that upholstery
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